Do Consumers Exploit Precommitment Opportunities? Evidence from Natural Experiments Involving Liquor Consumption We are grateful to Jennifer Doleac, Mark Hoekstra, Michael Lovenheim, Harvey Rosen, Jeremy West, and William Gui Woolston for valuable comments. Numerous state alcohol board agents, law librarians, and legislative assistants contributed clarification on data issues. Jillian Carr
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Microsoft word - material_safety_data_updated042006.docSAMPLE MATERIAL
SAFETY DATA SHEET
Methyl Soyate, Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME) Methyl Soyate: 67784-80-9; RME: 73891-99-3; _______________________________________________________________________________________
COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
This product contains no hazardous materials.
Potential Health Effects:
Negligible unless heated to produce vapors. Vapors or finely misted materials may irritate the mucous membranes and cause irritation, dizziness, and nausea. Remove to fresh air. May cause irritation. Irrigate eye with water for at least 15 to 20 minutes. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist. Prolonged or repeated contact is not likely to cause significant skin irritation. Material is sometimes encountered at elevated temperatures. Thermal burns are possible. No hazards anticipated from ingestion incidental to industrial exposure. ____________________________________________________________________________________________ FIRST AID MEASURES
Irrigate eyes with a heavy stream of water for at least 15 to 20 minutes. Wash exposed areas of the body with soap and water. Remove from area of exposure; seek medical attention if symptoms persist. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. If gastro-intestinal symptoms develop, consult medical personnel. (Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.) ___________________________________________________________________________________________
FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
Flash Point (Method Used): 130.0 C or 266.0 F min (ASTM 93)
Flammability Limits: None known
Dry chemical, foam, halon (may not be permissible in some countries), CO2, water spray (fog). Water stream may splash the burning liquid and spread fire. Use water spray to cool drums exposed to fire. Biodiesel soaked rags or spill absorbents (i.e. oil dry, polypropylene socks, sand, etc.) can cause spontaneous combustion if stored near combustibles and not handled properly. Store biodiesel soaked rags or spill absorbents in approved safety containers and dispose of properly. Oil soaked rags may be washed with soap and water and allowed to dry in well ventilated area. Firefighters should use self-contained breathing apparatus to avoid exposure to smoke and vapor. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES SPILL CLEAN-UP PROCEDURES
Remove sources of ignition, contain spill to smallest area possible. Stop leak if possible.
Pick up small spills with absorbent materials and dispose of properly to avoid
spontaneous combustion (see unusual fire and explosion hazards above).
Recover large spills for salvage or disposal. Wash hard surfaces with safety solvent or
detergent to remove remaining oil film. Greasy nature will result in a slippery surface.
HANDLING AND STORAGE
Store in closed containers between 50°F and 120°F. Keep away from oxidizing agents, excessive heat, and ignition sources. Do not store or use near heat, spark, or flame, store out of sun. Do not puncture, drag, or slide this container. Drum is not a pressure vessel; never use pressure to empty. ___________________________________________________________________________________________
EXPOSURE CONTROL /PERSONAL PROTECTION
If vapors or mists are generated, wear a NIOSH approved organic vapor/mist respirator. Safety glasses, goggles, or face shield recommended to protect eyes from mists or splashing. PVC coated gloves recommended to prevent skin contact. Employees must practice good personal hygiene, washing exposed areas of skin several times daily and laundering contaminated clothing before re-use. ___________________________________________________________________________________________
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Solubility in H2O, % by Volume: insoluble Evaporation Rate, Butyl Acetate=1: <1 Vapor Density, Air=1:>1
Appearance and Odor: pale yellow liquid, mild odor
STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
This product is stable and hazardous polymerization will not occur. INCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS AND CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Combustion produces carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide along with thick smoke. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 11. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Waste may be disposed of by a licensed waste disposal company. Contaminated absorbent material may be disposed of in an approved landfill. Follow local, state and federal disposal regulations. 12. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
UN HAZARD CLASS: N/A
NMFC (National Motor Freight Classification):
13. REGULATORY INFORMATION:
This product is not hazardous under the criteria of the Federal OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200. However, thermal processing and decomposition fumes from this product may be hazardous as noted in Sections 2 and 3. CERCLA (Comprehensive Response Compensation and Liability Act): NOT SARA TITLE III (Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act): Section 312 Extremely Hazardous Substances: If discarded in its purchased form, this product would not be a hazardous waste either by listing or by characteristic. However, under RCRA, it is the responsibility of the product user to determine at the time of disposal, whether a material containing the product or derived from the product should be classified as a hazardous waste, (40 CFR 261.20-24) The following statement is made in order to comply with the California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. This product contains no chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer. __________________________________________________________________________________________
14. OTHER INFORMATION:
This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any other process. Such information is to the best of the company’s knowledge and believed accurate and reliable as of the date indicated. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee of any kind, express or implied, is made as to its accuracy, reliability or completeness and we assume no responsibility for any loss, damage or expense, direct or consequential, arising out of use. It is the user’s responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitableness and completeness of such information for his own particular use.
Brief Original Article Ribavirin therapy for Chikungunya arthritis Rajan Ravichandran, Manju Manian. Madras Institute of Nephrology, Vijaya Heath Centre, N.S.K Salai, Chennai-600026, India. Abstract Background: Chikungunya is an acute viral infection presenting with a febrile episode and severe arthralgia, swelling of soft tissues, especially around the ankles. Many pati