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Strategic Policy & Cyber Media Research Division
CYBER SECURITY INCIDENT
OUTSIDE MALAYSIA
Report No. 17 – September 2008
15 September 2008
CyberSecurity Malaysia (726630-U)
Level 7, [email protected]
No 7, Jalan Tasik
Mines Resort City
43300 Seri Kembangan
Selangor
+60 3 8992 6888
+60 3 8945 3205
http://www.cybersecurity.org.my
Securing Our Cyberspace
Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia
TABLE OF CONTENT

DISCLAIMER. i
FRAUD. 1
Scammers Skirt Spam Shields With Help From Adobe Flash .1 HACK THREAT/INTRUSION . 2
Defending Islam, Hacker Defaces Thousands Of Dutch Websites.2 Hacker Attacks Police Website, Posts Anti-Graft Messages .2 'Hacker Network' Targets UAE Banks In ATM Cash Fraud .3 VIRUS/WORMS/TROJAN. 4
Russian Spammers Involved In Building New Botnet For More Attacks.4 Dramatic Rise In Botnet-Controlled PCs .4 USA Is Top Hosting Web-Based Malware Country .5 The Steady Rise Of Targeted Trojan Attacks .5 New Tool Creates Fake YouTube Pages For Spreading Malware .6 ‘UK’s Chernobyl’ Spam Spreads Trojan .6 Spammers Use Free Web Services To Shield Harmful Links .7 OTHERS . 8
Hacker Held Over $1.8m Fraud: FBI Framed .
Companies Continue To Overlook Evolved Virus Attacks .9 Google, Police Take Cyber Crime Lessons To Schools .9 Hacker Gets Two Years For Stock Manipulation .10 DISCLAIMER
This document is a non-commercial publication intended to educate and disseminate information about security incidents reported outside Malaysia. Further reproduction or redistribution is subject to original copyright restrictions. CyberSecurity Malaysia provides no warranty of ownership of the copyright, or accuracy with respect to the original source material. CyberSecurity Malaysia did not warrant the completeness or accuracy of the document and neither accepts any liability for losses howsoever incurred. The content on this site, including news, quotes, data and other information, is provided by third party content providers for your personal information only, and neither CyberSecurity Malaysia nor its third party content providers shall be liable for any errors, inaccuracies or delays in content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia 1.
ICANN CAST AS ONLINE SCAM ENABLER
Two recently issued reports portray the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names
and Numbers (ICANN) as a bureaucracy that enables cyber criminals. In one
report, researchers Jart Armin, James McQuaid and Matt Jonkman detail how
one of ICANN's prized sponsors has ties to one of the net's more prolific sources
of malware and illegal online pharmacies. It's called LogicBoxes, and over the
past two years, ICANN has listed it as a sponsor for meetings that took place in
Los Angeles and Delhi, India. It turns out that LogicBoxes has an association
with Atrivo, a network provider that also goes by the name of Intercage.
According to the study, a random sampling of 2,600 addresses hosted by Atrivo
revealed 7,340 malicious web links, 910 infected websites, 310 malicious
binaries, and 113 botnet command and control servers. As an autonomous
systems (AS) provider, the Concord, California-based company controls a large
number of IP addresses. The report details how Atrivo works with a rogue's
gallery of other companies to enable anonymous sites that punt scareware,
malware and online sites pushing Viagra and other sites. Other companies
include Hostfresh, EstHost, EstDomains and PrivacyProtect.
Source: The Register, Sept 3, 2008
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2008/09/03/cyber_crime_reports/

2.
SCAMMERS SKIRT SPAM SHIELDS WITH HELP FROM ADOBE FLASH
Online scammers have found a new way to skirt anti-spam filters, this time by
making use of Adobe Flash files hosted on free websites. Spam messages with
innocuous-looking content contain links to Flash-based files on ImageShack.com
and elsewhere, according to a report from anti-spam service MessageLabs.
Then commands embedded in the files redirect the recipient to sites that punt
Viagra, work-at-home offers and free software updates. The technique allows
spammers to bypass content filters employed by many anti-spam products,
which immediately nix messages that contain links to dodgy sites. Because
popular sites such as ImageShack are whitelisted, use of the Flash file allows
spammers to bypass the filter but still lure marks to sites that try to bilk them or
trick them into installing malware.
Source: The Register, Sept 4, 2008
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2008/09/04/spammers_using_adobe_flash/

3.
CARLETON COLLARS HACKER
Carleton University, Canada, is questioning a student and will be taking disciplinary action after a hacker broke into the electronic accounts of 32 students. "He is cooperating with us. He has handed over his materials," said Chris Walters, a spokesman for the university. A math student, a man whose name has not been released, apparently hacked into the system to obtain password information of the students and then bragged to university Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia
administration about it. Last week, a letter was sent to the university
administration with a list of the accounts and their passwords. The writer claimed
he easily broke into the accounts using a program that captures computer
keystrokes and urged that the university improve security measures. The breach
allowed for access to the Campus Cards that students use as debit cards for
campus purchases, including photocopiers, food kiosks and the book store.
None of the students reported missing money. With the information, the hacker
could also have accessed e-mails, course registrations, library records and
personal financial information about loans and scholarships.
Source: Computer Crime Research Centre, Sept 10, 2008
http://www.crime-research.org/news/10.09.2008/3565/

HACK THREAT/INTRUSION
4.
DEFENDING ISLAM, HACKER DEFACES THOUSANDS OF DUTCH
WEBSITES

Over the last six weeks, a ‘hacktivist’ calling himself ‘nEt^DeViL’ has hijacked
numerous Dutch sites, posting ideological statements on their home pages in
retaliation for the anti-Islamic short film “Fitna” which was made and released
earlier this year by a right-wing Dutch politician. Such an attack is known as
website defacement. Zone-H.org, a website that tracks website defacement
attacks worldwide, has documented thousands of compromised websites over
the last months. Zone-H reports that ‘nEt^DeViL’ has hacked 18,157 websites as
of Thursday, August 28.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 2, 2008
http://www.itworld.com/security/54552/defending-islam-hacker-defaces-thousands-dutch-
websites

5.
HACKER ATTACKS POLICE WEBSITE, POSTS ANTI-GRAFT MESSAGES
The Jakarta City Police's Traffic Management Center (TMC) website was the target of a hacking attack on Tuesday that lasted several hours. Information on Jakarta traffic was replaced with long messages criticizing the police. One of the messages read "The National Police was the third most corrupt organization in 2005, second most in 2006, and the most corrupt organization in 2007. Where is the justice? Today, all Indonesian Police websites are OWNED!" In the messages, the hacker, who claimed to have hacked all of the police's websites, said the next target would be the websites of Indonesian celebrities currently running for public office. "I don't know exactly why the hacker targeted the TMC. I think they chose it because it has many visitors, so more people would see the message, which was clearly aimed at ruining the police's image," TMC chief Comr. Sambodo Purnomo told The Jakarta Post. He said he suspected the hacker managed to infiltrate the website after the internet connection from state telecommunications company PT Telkom was temporarily disrupted. The website, www.lantas.metro.go.id, was defaced at dawn on Tuesday, returning to normal again at 1 p.m. Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia
Source: Computer Crime Research Centre, Sept 10, 2008
http://www.crime-research.org/news/10.09.2008/3564/

6.
'HACKER NETWORK' TARGETS UAE BANKS IN ATM CASH FRAUD
Banks in the United Arab Emirates are struggling to resolve a security breach
after it emerged that hackers used counterfeit bank and credit cards to steal
funds from customers’ accounts. The lenders declined to say how much money
had been stolen or how many accounts were skimmed, but an initial investigation
by the banks indicated that cash machines were rigged with devices that stole
customers’ PINs as they made withdrawals. Suvo Sarkar, general manager of
retail banking for Emirates NBD, one of the nation’s largest lenders, said: “We
don’t really know how this happened. However, one industry source suggested
that the problem could be internal and more widespread. “The fact that the
stolen numbers appear to have been stolen randomly suggests the banks
themselves were somehow breached.” Dubai Bank said that it had temporarily
blocked international access to its cash machines after 42 of its customers’
accounts were breached.
Source: Computer Crime Research Centre, Sept 12, 2008
http://www.crime-research.org/news/12.09.2008/3568/

7. ‘PASSWORD
RECOVERY’ SERVICES MAY BE HACKERS FOR HIRE
Services that promise to help find lost passwords may make their living by
cracking the passwords of others, says the chief security strategist at IBM’s
Internet Security Systems unit. Webmail services such as Gmail and Hotmail are
widely used as a quick, low-cost alternative to more sophisticated email services
offered by ISPs or corporations. But Webmail accounts are not particularly
secure, he warns. For between $300 to $600, a hacker can find a full suite of
Webmail cracking tools on the Internet, complete with the ability to do brute-force
“guessing” of simple passwords and enhanced tools for penetrating the
CAPTCHA authentication methods used on Webmail services, he notes.
CAPTCHA-breaking methods have become so effective that for about $100, the
service provider can not only promise to give you the password to a specific
Webmail account, but it can also promise to give you subsequent passwords if
the legitimate owner should change passwords. There is not much that users
can do to protect themselves from these hack-for-hire services, he says. “The
best thing you can do is to use strong passwords,” he says. It would be difficult
for any company to set a policy against using Webmail services, he says. “Your
best bet is to educate your users about the vulnerabilities of these services, and
discourage them from using their Webmail accounts for transmitting company
information or other sensitive data,” he says. Users also should stay away from
the services themselves, many of which are based in Russia or Southeast Asia
and can be recognized by the stilted English grammar in their service
descriptions, he notes.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 12, 2008
http://www.darkreading.com/document.asp?doc_id=163471&WT.svl=news1_1

Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia VIRUS/WORMS/TROJAN
8.
RUSSIAN SPAMMERS INVOLVED IN BUILDING NEW BOTNET FOR
MORE ATTACKS

According to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Spam Data Mine,
the Russian-Georgian Cyber War reached a new height on the morning of
August 17, 2008 when over 500 e-mails were received in just 90 minutes at the
UAB. The university started receiving poorly crafted e-mails on August 15, 2008,
and now they account for five percent of the total spam traffic. Moreover, the e-
mails contain attractive headlines such as “Mikheil Saakashvili gay scam - news
of the week” that lure victims into reading a phony BBC story on the Georgian
President. The link provided in the e-mails takes victim to a web server loaded
with malicious content and it tries to compromise the user’s system. It seems
that spammers are trying to build a botnet but the motive behind establishing this
network is still unclear. It may be used for launching more attacks against
computers of the Georgian government. The director of Product Management
with Symantec Security Response said that the malevolent software is a new
variant of Trojan.Blusod program, as reported by NetworkWorld. Earlier,
spammers used this Trojan to load antivirus program on computers by making
users believe that their system infected with virus and the program could clean
the problem on charges.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 3, 2008
http://www.spamfighter.com/News-10882-Russian-Spammers-Involve-in-Building-New-Botnet-
for-More-Attacks.htm

9.
DRAMATIC RISE IN BOTNET-CONTROLLED PCS
The number of computers currently controlled by botnets has exploded in recent
months, according to researchers. Recent figures recorded by the
Shadowserver Foundation reveal that the number of computers infected by
botnets has quadrupled in the past 90 days. The increase comes despite a slight
drop in the number of botnets, leading researchers to believe that the increase
has largely benefited the established operators in the field. The increase has
also come despite little to no increase in the volume of new malware and viruses
being discovered in the wild. Some researchers believe that computers are
being infected through web-based attacks, specifically SQL injection. A Sans
Institute researcher noted that the increase in botnet infections seems to coincide
with the appearance of large-scale SQL injection attacks, in which hundreds of
thousands of web pages are compromised with embedded exploit code. He
suggested that many security firms lack a mechanism for accurately rooting out
the SQL attacks before they become widespread.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 4, 2008
http://www.vnunet.com/vnunet/news/2225185/botnet-ranks-exploding

Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia 10.
USA IS TOP HOSTING WEB-BASED MALWARE COUNTRY
ScanSafe has issued data on the top three countries hosting Web-based
malware including viruses, Trojans, root kits, password stealers, and other
malicious programs. The U.S. ranked first (42 percent), China ranked second on
the list (12 percent), and Germany ranked third (six percent). A large number of
the malware hosts in the last month were part of the Asprox fast flux bot
network–PCs that have been enlisted into the bot network and mask the true
origin of the actual host. According to a ScanSafe report, web-based malware
has already increased by 278 percent in the first half of 2008. Web users should
not associate malware only with suspect websites. More and more legitimate
sites are being targeted by attackers and websites where the Olympic Games
are streamed online by broadcasters could be a prime area for compromise.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 4, 2008
http://www.securitypark.co.uk/security_article261940.html

11.
THE STEADY RISE OF TARGETED TROJAN ATTACKS
Reports out of South Korea say that North Korean spyware made its way onto
the computer of a South Korean army colonel. “A North Korean spyware e-mail
was reportedly transmitted to the computer of a colonel at a field army command
via China in early August. The e-mail contained a typical program designed
automatically to steal stored files if the recipient opens it. It has not been
confirmed whether military secrets were leaked as a result of the hacking
attempt, but their scale could be devastating given that the recipient is in charge
of the South Korean military’s central nervous system – Command, Control,
Communication, Computer & Information (C4I).”
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 5, 2008
http://www.informationweek.com/blog/main/archives/2008/09/the_steady_rise.html

12.
FACEBOOK APPLICATION HERDS PCS INTO BOTNET
Researchers have created a proof-of-concept application for Facebook that turns the machines of people, who add the app to their Facebook page, into elements of a botnet. In a demonstration, the botnet launched denial-of-service attacks on a victim server. “Social-network websites have the ideal properties to become attack platforms,” according to the Antisocial Networks: Turning a Social Network into a Botnet paper, written by five researchers from the Institute of Computer Science in Greece and one researcher from the Institute for Infocomm Research in Singapore. The demo application, ‘Photo of the Day’, displays a new photo from National Geographic every day. However, every time someone views the photo, the host computer is forced “to serve a request of 600KB”, according to the paper. Such a botnet could be used for other types of attacks, such as spreading malware, scanning computers for open ports, and overriding authentication mechanisms that are based on cookies, the paper warns. The researchers suggested that Facebook and other social networks exercise caution in designing their platform and application programming interfaces (APIs) so that Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia
there are few interactions between the “social utilities they operate and the rest of
the internet”.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 9, 2008
http://news.zdnet.co.uk/security/0,1000000189,39485526,00.htm

13.
TWITTER PAGE USED TO PASS MALWARE
In yet another new way to infect people, criminal hackers are using a Twitter
page, according to one security researcher. In a blog, the director of malware
research for Facetime explained how a Twitter page is being used to lure victims.
To lend credibility to his discovery, the Twitter page lists 17 followers; however,
each appeared to be fraudulent. The messages, written in Portuguese, attempt
to get visitors to download a photo album. In order to view the album, you will
need to download a Flash update, which is really the infection files themselves.
The director and his team have identified the infection as Orkon. Once installed,
the infected files do various things to the compromised desktop, such as attempt
to gain your Orkut account log-in information, or displaying a browser image of a
man identifying himself as the “Trickster.”
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 10, 2008
http://news.cnet.com/8301-1009_3-10035580-83.html

14. NEW TOOL CREATES FAKE YOUTUBE PAGES FOR SPREADING
MALWARE
Cyber criminals are getting more and more business-like. The latest examples
involve a tool that automates the creation of fake YouTube web sites that can be
used to deliver malware and password-cracking services for sale. Panda
Security said it has uncovered a tool circulating in underground hacking forums,
dubbed YTFakeCreator, that enables anyone to easily create a fake YouTube
page that surreptitiously installs a Trojan, virus, or adware on a visitor’s
computer, said the chief corporate evangelist of Panda Security. The tool does
not spread the video link on its own. An attacker must distribute it via e-mail,
FTP, IRC channels, peer-to-peer file-sharing networks, or CD. Once a visitor
arrives at the page, a fake error message appears saying that the video cannot
be played because an important software component, such as a codec or Flash
update, is missing. The visitor is prompted to download the software and the
malware is installed. YTFakeCreator makes it easy for even unskilled people to
set up an attack.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 15, 2008
http://news.cnet.com/8301-1009_3-10039974-83.html

15. ‘UK’S
CHERNOBYL’
SPAM SPREADS TROJAN
A widespread spam campaign claims that a nuclear power plant on the outskirts of London exploded on Tuesday afternoon. The email claims to offer pictures of victims. In reality, the attached zip file is contaminated with a Trojan horse, identified by net security firm Sophos as Troj/Agent-HQE. Once the malware is Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia
installed, hackers can use it to spy on the victim’s computer and steal information
for financial gain. The emails typically arrive with subject lines such as – Reply:
A report on radiation contamination of Canada. “Rather than use a real life event,
the hackers have turned to fictional explosions and conspiracy theories in the
hope they will strike a nerve with potential victims who will then click on the
attachment without a second thought,” commented a senior technology
consultant at Sophos. “People are sometimes tempted to click on something
they receive by email in the misguided belief that their anti-virus software will
always protect them,” he added.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 15, 2008
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2008/09/11/chernobyl_uk_malware_ruse/

16.
GET HEAVY SPAM, BLAME YOUR EMAIL ID
How much spam you get depends on the first letter in your e-mail address, a
Cambridge study reveals. Analysis of more than 500 million junk messages has
found that addresses that began with more common letters were likely to receive
40 per cent of their mail from spammers. Those starting with less common
letters, by contrast, would receive less than a fifth of their mail as spam.
According to the study, if the first part of an email address (that part before the
'@' symbol) starts with a J, A, U, I, R, P, M, or S, then it is likely to get
proportionately twice as much junk email sent to it than an email address
beginning with Q, Z, W, Y or F. Dr Richard Clayton, a computer scientist at
Cambridge University who carried out the study, said he believed the difference
could be explained by the first set of letters being more likely to appear at the
start of names than the second set. The study did not draw a conclusion as to
the exact cause of this phenomenon. However, Dr Clayton said there was some
evidence to suggest that it could be due in part to the way some spammers
launch 'Rumpelstiltskin' attacks. This is where the spammers use dictionary
words and proper names in ascending alphabetical order in front of large
numbers of domain names to generate their junk lists.
Source: Computer Crime Research Centre, Sept 8, 2008
http://www.crime-research.org/news/08.09.2008/3562/

17.
SPAMMERS USE FREE WEB SERVICES TO SHIELD HARMFUL LINKS
Spammers are abusing free web services to make their spam links look more legitimate, according to e-mail security vendor MessageLabs Ltd. One of the services, a photo hosting site called ImageShack, lets people upload different types of photo formats, including Flash files, said a senior analyst at MessageLabs. Flash files, which have the extension “.swf,” can be used for animated graphics and to automatically redirect people to other Web sites — a feature that can be abused. The attack involving ImageShack works like this: Spammers upload a Flash file and then copy the link for that file, which comes from ImageShack’s domain, into a spam message. If the link is followed, the Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia
Flash file redirects the victim to a spam site, he said. The technique offers an
advantage for spammers. Antispam software will often scan links in e-mail and
block any e-mails with suspicious-looking links. But ImageShack’s domain is
considered to have a good reputation, so messages will not be blocked.
Another, more dangerous variation on this theme is a spam e-mail promoting a
video. If the link is clicked, a Flash file redirects the victim to a site where a pop-
up window immediately implores the user to download a codec supposedly
needed in order to play the video file. Invariably, the file is not a codec but rather
some piece of malicious software.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 8, 2008
http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&taxonomyName=se
curity&articleId=9114045&taxonomyId=17&intsrc=kc_top

18. MOTHER OF ISRAELI HACKER HELD OVER $1.8M FRAUD: FBI
FRAMED MY SON
The mother of an Israeli living in Canada who has recently been arrested in
Montreal on suspicion of committing fraud to the tune of $1.8 million accused on
Saturday the FBI of framing her son. "This is a conspiracy and the FBI is
involved in it. A few U.S. bodies made it clear to Ehud that his day would come,"
said Ehud Tenenbaum's mother, Malka. "Ehud was never accused of stealing,
he works hard at IT security and doesn't have to steal," she added. Canadian
media reported on Friday that Alberta police suspect Ehud Tenenbaum and three
co-conspirators hacked into the database of a Calgary financial services
company. They then changed the value of the debit cards to an amount higher
than their face value. The four suspects were arrested in Montreal and brought
to Calgary on Tuesday. Tenenbaum has been charged with six counts of
fraudulent use of credit card data and one count of fraud over $5,000.
Source: Computer Crime Research Centre, Sept 8, 2008
http://www.crime-research.org/news/08.09.2008/3560/

19. RAB
SITE
HACKER
SHAHEE ARRESTED
Bangladesh Rapid Action Battalion has arrested four people, including the RAB website hacker Shahee Mirza. Saboteurs hacked into the RAB website (www.rab.gov.bd) Friday night. RAB media cell director Abul Kalam Azad told bdnews24.com that they picked up four persons from a Mirpur residence Saturday night. The arrestees claimed they were students of a private institution. Shahee, 'leader' of the arrested youths, confessed to their hacking other sites belonging to different organisations. He also admitted the name and e-mail addresses he had posted after hacking the RAB site were real. Abul Kalam Azad said RAB would hold a press briefing at its headquarters later in the day. As people entered the website of the elite security force Friday night, they found the words 'Hacked by Shahee_Mirza' posted there. The hacker alleged that the Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia
government had not taken sufficient steps for the development of IT in the
country, though it had passed laws to prevent cyber crimes.
Source: Computer Crime Research Centre, Sept 8, 2008
http://www.crime-research.org/news/08.09.2008/3561/

20.
COMPANIES CONTINUE TO OVERLOOK EVOLVED VIRUS ATTACKS
A recent security advisory from a messaging security company warned that
service providers are placing e-mail users at risk by continuing to ignore
sophisticated virus propagation techniques. Attackers are moving beyond
traditional tactics, such as sending messages with virus executables attached or
virus-infected documents, to employing hybrid attacks that combine elements of
both spam and viruses. In these attacks, malware authors embed links in
informative or advertising e-mails. Recipients are enticed to follow these links to
a website that hosts the malware, which could be a virus, worm, or Trojan.
These advanced threats embed anti-spam and anti-virus (AV) evasion
techniques with the objective of eluding both spam and traditional AV filters.
Most spam filters are not capable of catching these highly mutable threats
because they do not follow the recurrent, mass e-mail tactics commonly found in
spam. Likewise, conventional AV solutions bypass these messages as they
appear to be spam or phishing. As these attacks become the norm, operators
are urged to re-examine their anti-virus strategies and ensure that their
messaging security processes are capable of detecting these hybrid threats.
Source: Department of Homeland Security, Sept 8, 2008
http://www.govtech.com/gt/405320?topic=117671

21.
GOOGLE, POLICE TAKE CYBER CRIME LESSONS TO SCHOOLS
With youngsters becoming Internet savvy in the rapidly emerging world of
computer technology, cyber crimes and misuse of Internet have also taken an
upward curve. To help put a check on this, Google India, as a part of their
BeNetSmart awareness initiative, carried out an awareness campaign in nine
schools in Kolkata on Tuesday. “We decided to start a campaign to help
students know how to avoid misuse of the internet and inculcate in them the best
cyber practices,” said Rishi S Jaitly, policy analyst, Google India Pvt Ltd. The
team interacted with 5,000 students in the city, added Jaitly. The nationwide
programme first took off from Mumbai and Chennai after which it came to
Kolkata. In this campaign, Kolkata Police assisted Google India in educating
school students about proper internet usage. According to Jaitly, the Internet
and Mobile Association of India, along with the police, are a part of this
campaign.
Source: Computer Crime Research Centre, Sept 10, 2008
http://www.crime-research.org/news/10.09.2008/3566/

Cyber Security Incident Outside Malaysia 22.
HACKER GETS TWO YEARS FOR STOCK MANIPULATION
A Malaysian hacker has been sentenced to two years in prison by US authorities
for breaking into stock trading accounts and using them to ramp up prices in
useless shares. Thirugnanam Ramanathan, 35, joined a group of hackers who
bought low value shares from February to December 2006 then used stolen
internet stock accounts to buy the same shares, thereby boosting the price. At
least 60 customers and nine brokerage firms in the US have been identified as
victims. According to information presented during the sentencing hearing,
brokerage firms sustained more than $300,000 in losses during Ramanathan's
participation in the scam.
Source: Computer Crime Research Centre, Sept 12, 2008
http://www.crime-research.org/news/12.09.2008/3570/

Source: http://cnii.cybersecurity.my/main/resources/cyber_incident/2008/17.pdf

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