Neuropsychiatric Sequelae of Traumatic Brain Injury The authors review the psychiatric disturbances associated with traumatic brain injury. Theyhighlight the close link between traumatic brain injury and psychiatry and provide an overviewof the epidemiology, risk factors, classification, and mechanisms of traumatic brain injury. Theydescribe various neuropsychiatric sequelae, and the respective t
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Hillsboroschools.netNeuromuscular disorders (including muscular of serious influenza-related complications. CDC recommends the use of the antiviral drugs oseltamivir or Weakened immune systems (including people with If you (or your child) are in one of the groups above and How long should I stay home if I’m sick?
develop flu-like symptoms, consult a health care provider CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours to get advice about seeking medical care. Also, it’s possible after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for for otherwise healthy people to develop severe il ness so other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the any one concerned about their il ness should consult their use of a fever-reducing medicine.) Stay away from others as much as possible to keep from making others sick. There are “emergency warning signs” that should signal Staying at home means that you should not leave your home except to seek medical care. This means avoiding normal activities, including work, school, travel, shopping, Emergency Warning Signs
social events, and public gatherings. If you must leave the In Children:
house (for example to see your doctor), wear a facemask, if you have one and it is tolerable, or cover coughs and ast breathing or trouble breathing
sneezes with a tissue and wash your hands often to keep luish skin color
ot drinking enough fluids
ot waking up or not interacting
eing so irritable that the child does not
want to be held
lu-like symptoms improve but then return
with fever and worse cough
ever with a rash
ifficulty breathing or shortness of breath
runny or stuffy nose
ain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
evere or persistent vomiting
Are there medicines to treat
infection with this new virus?
Yes. There are prescriptions drugs cal ed “antivirals” that *It’s important to note that not everyone
can treat influenza il ness, including 2009 H1N1. These with flu will have a fever.
drugs can make il ness milder and may also prevent serious complications. The priority use for influenza antiviral drugs this flu season is to treat people who are severely ill For more information visit
(hospitalized) and sick people who are at increased risk flu or
or call 800-CDC-INFO
Who is at greatest risk of infection
z Wash your hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub. 2009 H1N1 flu (sometimes cal ed “swine flu”) is a new with this new virus?
z Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Germs influenza virus that is spreading worldwide among people. So far, younger people have been more likely to be Because this virus is very different from current seasonal infected with 2009 H1N1 flu than older people. Most cases z Try to avoid close contact with sick people. influenza viruses, many people will not have protective of 2009 H1N1 have occurred in people younger than 25 immunity against it and the seasonal flu vaccine will not z Stay home if you are sick. CDC recommends that you years of age. At this time, there are relatively few cases of stay home from work or school and limit contact with 2009 H1N1 in people 65 or older, which is unusual when Influenza is unpredictable, but this flu season could be z Fol ow public health advice regarding school closures, worse than recent years because of the 2009 H1N1 virus. avoiding crowds and other social distancing measures. CDC is preparing for an early flu season and expects both Prevention
z Be prepared in case you get sick and need to stay home 2009 H1N1 flu and seasonal flu to cause il ness, hospital What can I do to protect myself from
for several days; a supply of over-the-counter medicines, getting sick from 2009 H1N1 flu?
alcohol-based hand rubs, tissues, facemasks and other How does 2009 H1N1 flu spread?
CDC recommends a three-step approach to fighting the related items might be useful and help avoid the need Both 2009 H1N1 flu and seasonal influenza are thought to flu: vaccination, everyday preventive actions including to make trips out in public while you are sick and spread mostly from person to person through the coughs frequent hand washing and staying home when sick, and sneezes of people who are sick with influenza. People and the correct use of antiviral drugs if your doctor also may get sick by touching something with flu viruses If You Get Sick
on it, and then touching their mouth or nose. A vaccine against 2009 H1N1 flu is being produced.
What should I do if I get sick?
How long can a sick person spread
To protect those at greatest risk of 2009 H1N1, CDC If you become ill with influenza-like symptoms this flu recommends that certain people get the 2009 H1N1 2009 H1N1 flu to others?
season you should stay home and avoid contact with other flu vaccine first when it becomes available. These key people except to seek medical care. Most people have People infected with 2009 H1N1 flu shed virus and may groups include people who are at higher risk of getting been able to recover at home from 2009 H1N1 without be able to infect others from 1 day before getting sick to sick or having serious flu complications, those who are needing medical care and the same is true of seasonal flu.
about 7 days after getting sick. This can be longer in some likely to come in contact with 2009 H1N1, and those who people, especial y children and people with weakened However, some people are at high risk of serious flu-related could infect young infants who cannot be vaccinated How severe is illness associated with
Children younger than 5, but especial y children this 2009 H1N1 flu virus?
2009 H1N1 flu il ness has ranged from mild to severe. Most z People who live with or provide care for children healthy people who have been sick with 2009 H1N1 have recovered without needing medical treatment, however, z Health care and emergency medical service personnel, hospitalizations and deaths from 2009 H1N1 have occurred. z People 6 months to 24 years of age , and Most people who have been hospitalized with 2009 H1N1 Blood disorders (including sickle cell disease) z People 25 to 64 years of age who are at higher risk for have had a medical condition that places them at higher Chronic lung disease [including asthma or chronic 2009 H1N1 flu complications because of an underlying risk of serious flu-related complications. However, some health condition or compromised immune systems.
people who have become very ill have been previously healthy. Severe infections have been reported among Everyday actions can help prevent the spread of
people of all ages. While few people over the age of 65 germs that cause respiratory il nesses like influenza. have been infected with this new virus, if people in this z Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you age group become il , they are at higher risk of developing cough or sneeze. (Throw the tissue in the Neurological disorders (including nervous system,
When Medical Sciences Meet the Clinics The 1st Translational Research Meeting Faculty of Medicine in the Galilee, Bar Ilan University Scientific Program Registration & Coffee Welcome remarks: Prof. Ran Tur-Kaspa, Prof. Batya Kristal, Prof. Haim Breitbart Opening Plenary Lecture Prof. Nathan Levin, Renal Research Institute, New York, USA Presented by Pr