Vm 3/06

O N D E R Z O E K S R E S U L T A T E N I N H A L E - R A P P O R T relateerd sterfterisico, met uitzondering ‘zichzelf gezond te voelen’ dan vrouwen.
– Houd de systolische bloeddruk onder de 140 mmHg het noorden en het zuiden van Europa.
– Houd het cholesterolgehalte onder de 5 mmol/l – Beweeg; bij voorkeur minimaal 30 minuten per dag wel regionale verschillen: mensen uit het lende aspecten van voeding en leefstijl.
1. A.Keys et al (1970) Coronary heart disease in seven countries. Circulation; 41(suppl ➤ M e e r k e u z e m o g e l i j k h e d e n 2. A.Keys et al (1980) Seven Countries Study. A multivariate analysis of death and v e r g r o t e n c u m u l a t i e f e f f e c t coronary heart disease. Harvard University Press:1-381 3. B.M. van Gelder, M.A.R.Tijhuis, S.Kalmijn, H.C.Boshuizen, S.Giampaoli, A.Nissinen, D.Kromhout .Changes in cognitive functioning among european elderly during 10 years: age, period,and cohort effects The FINE-study. Submitted 4. M-F.A.M.Mathey et al. (2002) Longitudinal changes in nutritional intake and status en leefstijl centraal. Een combinatie van and mortality risk in the SENECA population living in the North and South of France.
International journal of Behavioral Medicine;9 (supplement 1):181 5. P.Callaghan (2004) Exercise: a neglected intervention in mental health care? Journal of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing;11(4):476-483 (7,8). Deze combinatie is daarom een zeer 6. K.T.Knoops et al (2004) Mediterranean diet, lifestyle factors, and 10-year mortality in elderly European men and women: the HALE project. JAMA;292:1433-1439 cumulatief effect en kan het sterfterisico 7. D.Riebe, G.W.Green, L.Ruggiero, K.M.Stillwell, B.Blissmer, C.R.Nigg, M.Caldwell (2003) Evaluation of a healthy life-style approach to weight management. Prev. Med;36(1):45- verlagen (6). Hier is dus een aanzienlijke voorlichting. De beste resultaten zijn te 8. S.P.J.Kremers, G.J.de Bruijn, H.Schaalma, J.Brug (2004) Clustering of energy balance- related behaviours and their intrapersonal determinants. Psychology and Health;19(5):595-606 len. Figuur 1 laat zien in welke mate een 9. S.P.J. Kremers, T.L.S. Visscher, J.Brug, M.J.M.Chin A Paw, E.G.Schouten, A.J.Schuit, J.C.Seidell, M.A. van Baak, W.van Mechelen, H.C.G.Kemper, F.J.Kok, W.H.M.Saris, D.Kromhout (2005) Netherlands Research programm weight Gain prevention (NHF-NRG): rationaleobjectives and strategies. Eur J. Clin Nutr;59:498-507 Hiermee zou de preventie van aan leefstijl gerelateerde morbiditeit en mortaliteit in interventies op het gebied van de gezond- V E R V O L G V A N P A G I N A 1 4 T O T A L E E N E R G I E - I N N A M E B E L A N G R I J K E R D A N A F Z O N D E R L I J K E M A C R O N U T R I E¨ N T E N de GI uitstekend aan bij de huidige aanbe- velingen voor een gezonde voeding. Het is daarbij wel zaak om verwarring te voorko- ten). Volgens de onderzoeker past de toe- eigen studie samen met Brand-Miller, uit- voeging ‘bij voorkeur die met een lage GI’ niceren. ‘Kies voor een voeding met een bijt, werd 90% van de variantie verklaard len (18). De mate van absorptie van kool- 1. W.C.Knowler, E.Barrett-Conner,S.E.Fowler et al (2002) Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N. Engl J Med;346:393-403 2. J.Tuomilehto, J.Lindstrom, J.G.Eriksson et al. (2001) Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with imoaired glucoe tolerance. N. Engl. J.
hydraten bepaalt de glycemische respons.
3. B.A.Swinburn, P.A.Metcalf, S.J.Ley (2001) Long-term (5 years) effects on a reduced-fat diet intervention in individuals with glucode intolerance. Diabetes Care;24:619-624 4. S.J.Simpson, D.Raubenheimer (2005) Obesity: the protein leverage hypothesis. Obes. Rev.;6:133-142 5. P.B.Mikkelsen, S.Toubro, A.Astrup (2000) Effect of fat-reduced diets on 24-h energy expenditure: comparisons between animal protein, vegetable protein and carbohydrate. Am J soort koolhydraten, en de insulinerespons 6. D.K.Layman, R.A.Boileau, D.J.Erickson et al (2003) A reduced ratio of dietary carbohydrate to protein improves body composition and blood lipids profiles during weight loss in 7. G.A.Bray, S.J.Nielsen, B.M.Popkin (2004) Consumption of high-fructose corn syrup in beverages may play a role in the epidemic of obesity. Am J Clin. Nutr; 79(4):537-543 8. L.S.Gross, L.Li, E.S.Ford (2004) Increased consumption of refined carbohydrates and the epidemic of type 2 diabetes in the United States: an ecologic assessment. Am J Clin 9. L.Harnack, J.Stang, M.Story (1999) Soft drink consumption among US children and adolescents: nutritional consequences. J Am Diet Assoc;99(4):436-441 10. B.M.Popkin, S.J.Nielson (2003) The sweetening of the world’s diet. Obes Res; 11(11):1325-1332 hebben een lagere GI dan op basis van hun 11. D.S.Ludwig, K.E.Peterson, S.L.Gortmaker (2001) Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis.
12. A.Raben, T.H. Vasilaras, A.C.Moller, A.Astrup (2002) Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: different effects on ad libitum food intake and body weight after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjects. Am J Clin nutr;76(4):721-729 13. M.G.Tordoff, A.M.Alleva (1990) Effect of drinking soda sweetened with aspartame or high-fructose corn syrup on food intake and body weight Am J Clin Nutr;51(6):963-969 14. D.P. Dimeglio, R.D.Mattes (2000) Liquid versus solid carbohydrate: effects on food intake and bodyweight. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord;24(6):749-800 eiwitten zorgen voor een hoge insulinere- 15. J.James, P.Thomas, D.Cavan, D.Kerr (2004) Preventing childhood obesity by reducing consumption of carbonated drinks: cluster randomised controlled trials. BMJ; 16. C.B.Ebbeling, H.A.Feldman, S.K.Osganian, V.R.Chomitz, S.J.Ellenbogen, D.S.Ludwig (2006) Effects of decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on body weight in adolescents: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Pediatrics;117(3):637-680 17. T.Wolever, D.Jenkins, A.Jenkins, R.Josse (1991) The glycemic index: methodology and clinical implications. Am J Clin Nutr; 54:846-854 18. T.M.S.Wolever M.Yang, X.Y.Zeng, F.Atkinson, J.C.Brand-Miller. Food glycemic index, as given in GI tabels, is a significant determinant of glycemic responses elicited by composite breakfast meals. Am J. Clin Nutr. in press 19. M.Nilsson, M.Stenberg, A.H.Frid, J.J.Holst, I.M.Bjorck (2004) Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy sujects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins: the VoedingsMagazine 3/2006
role of plasma amoni acids and incretins. Am J. Clin Nutr;80:1246-1253

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