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Ndrrmc progress report diarrhea cases in palawan 13 april 2011, 6pm

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Center, Camp Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, Quezon City, Philippines
NDRRMC UPDATE
Progress Report on Diarrhea Cases in Bataraza, Palawan
(Region IV-B) March 01 – April 13, 2011

Releasing Officer


USEC BENITO T RAMOS

Administrator, OCD
DATE: 13 April 2011, 6:00 PM
Sources: DOH-HEMS, RDRRMC/OCD IV-B

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW

• Based on the findings of CHD IV-B, the diarrhea cases in Bataraza, Palawan, which started on 01 March 2011, is increasing. Age of cases ranged from 7 months to 85 years old • A total of 430 diarrhea cases were reported in Bataraza, Palawan from 01 March
to 13 April 2011 with Brgy. Culandanum having the highest attack rate 52.28%
followed by Brgy Tarusan and Rio Tuba. Of the 22 barangays in Bataraza, 17
were affected
. Age rages from 1 month to 60 years old and the median is 6 years
old
• Six (6) sitios in Brgy. Culandanum were affected namely: Sitios Linao, Apad-apad, Pajo-pajo, Kadulan, Cabinbin and Bato–bato • Ninety (90) persons were admitted at Rio Tuba Nickel (RTN) Hospital from March 01 • There were 19 deaths (CFR: 4.41% with age ranging from 1 year old to 50 years
old reported in Brgy. Culandanum. The identities of dead victims are as
follows:

Telefax: NDRRMC Opcen (+632) 911-1406; 912-2665; 912-5668; NDRRMC Secretariat (+632) 912-0441; 912-5947; Office of the Administrator, OCD (+632) 912-2424 Email: [email protected] Website: www.ndcc.gov.ph
II. ACTIONS TAKEN

Health and WASH
DOH-CHD IV B, PHO Palawan and MHO Bataraza

Dispatched an investigating team led by Dr. Faith Alberto on April 3 - 4, 2011 and validated the cases of diarrhea in Brgy. Culandanum, Bataraza. Findings of investigation are the following: • Brgy.Culandanum has a total population of 3,786 and most of the affected are indigenous people in Sitio Apad-apad who are members of Palawa-an tribe. Sitio Apad-apad is four (4) hour walk from said barangay • Seven (7) cases of diarrhea with varying degree of dehydration were seen during the investigation. Six (6) came from Sitios Apad-apad and Linao and one (1) from Sitio Bato-bato • There is a fast progression of symptoms and rapid deterioration of patients’ condition from the onset of initial symptoms to severe dehydration and sudden death. Patients manifested symptoms of profuse watery diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting • Affected individuals did not consult any health provider and was not given any form of treatment prior to their death. Deaths started on 27 March 2011 and none of the deaths were seen by a health provider The team provided the following drugs, medicines and medical supplies for augmentation, management and control of diarrhea case: 1,000 Aqua tabs, 3,500 tabs metronidazole 500 mg, 1000 tabs cotrimaxazole 800mg; 224 bottles cotrimaxozole oral suspension, 500 caps ciprofloxacin 500 mg, 1000 caps amoxicillin 500mg, 1000 caps doxycycline 100 mg, 1000 caps tetracycline, 250 mg, 144 bottles chloramphenicol, 125 mg suspension, 1000 tabs paracetamol, 500 mg, 144 bottles paracetamol 250 mg suspension Dispatched the Disease Surveillance Officers and Sanitary Inspector on April 2-5, 2011 and conducted preliminary epidemiologic and environmental assessment. Poor
environmental sanitation was observed in the area:
• Primarily absence of clean source of drinking water • IPs seldom boils water prior to drinking • No toilet facilities causing inhabitants to dispose human excreta anywhere • Poor personal hygiene could also be one major factor because of their soiled • Remains of dead bodies were buried less than ten (10) meters from the source of Set-up a temporary hospital in Sitio Linao, Brgy. Culandanum, Bataraza, Palawan. Patients are being treated at the Linao Elementary School as temporary consultation and treatment camp and referred case to hospital facilities if it warrants admission. The “survivors” together with the local residents persuaded other members of the tribe who are still staying inside the cave to come down to the treatment camp for proper care. The assistant Regional Director of DOH IV B, Provincial Health Team leader and other CHD Staff conducted actual visit at the treatment/consultation site Dispatched 2nd batch of CHD IV_B team on 07 April 2011 and conducted a comprehensive health and environmental assessment. The team, composed of 2 doctors, 1 nurse, 1 medical technologist, 1 Sanitary Inspector and 1 Administrative Staff, brought additional medicines and supplies worth PhP84,151.00 comprising of 300 pcs. water containers (jerry cans), 144 bottles IV fluids, 72 bottles hyposol, 500 sachet oresol, 1,000 aqua tabs, 3500 tabs metronidazole 500 mg, 2,880 tabs metronidazole 125 mg, 1000 tabs cotrimaxozole 800 mg, 224 bottles cortimaxazole oral suspension, 500 caps ciprofloxacine 500 mg, 1000 caps amoxicillin 500 mg., 1,000 cap doxycycline 100 mg, 1000 caps tetracycline 250 mg, 144 bottles chloramphenicol 125 mg suspension, 1000 tabs paracetamol 500 mg, 144 bottles paracetamol mg suspension, 1,000 caps mefenamic acid 500 mg, 100 caps, Vitamin A and 500 tabs zinc Distributed 28 Jery Cans to the families in Sitio Bato-Bato, Brgy. Culandanum
Conducted public information and education campaign (PIEC) including proper
treatment, prior to drinking (i.e. using aqua tabs, puri tabs and waterine) among
IPS

Collected water and stool samples from different water supply and sent to RITM on
April 11, 2011 for bacterial testing analysis. Also collected 35 rectal swab specimen
from patients for cholera confirmation. Three (3) out of ten (10) specimens were
(+) for vibrio cholera

MDRRMC Bataraza

Convened the local council (Barangay Assembly) presided by the Vice Mayor
attended by local officials, CHD IV-B, NEC, PHO, RHU Staff and RTN group
OCDRC IV-B coordinated with the Municipal Health Officer of Roxas and Rizal,
Palawan re: alleged 8 additional diarrhea -related deaths reported by media. Per
coordination made with local health officials in said municipalities, no diarrhea-
related cases/deaths were monitored. Likewise, Mayors of Roxas and Rizal
disproved the report

III. RECOMMENDATIONS OF VALIDATING TEAM
Provide each household (specifically indigenous people) with safe water supply and clean water container which will be monitored for proper disinfection and utilization every month Institutionalization of an appropriate and culturally-sensitive health education program focusing on the indigenous people. Intensified IEC, consider rural practices, level of knowledge/communication barriers (develop IEC materials suited for IPs) Encourage members of the indigenous people to engage on health activities of Rural Health Unit like inviting them to get involved as Barangay Health Workers Pro-active response of RHU on possible outbreak particularly during rainy season “Adopt-a-community” program for implementation in the areas where indigenous people reside. The “adopter” will serve as a direct linkage of the indigenous community of RHU and other agencies involved Strict implementation of rules and regulations of sanitation code regarding guidelines in the establishment of toilet facilities and safe water resources Timely monitoring and reporting of diarrhea cases particularly in affected Provision of emergency medicines at Rural Health Unit and allocation of funds for the Activate/establish Brgy. Health Emergency Response Team
Conduct massive IEC campaign on personal hygiene and disposal of human
LGUs to purchase aquatabs and dispatch fire trucks to selected barangays for
temporary access to safe water

Long Term

Conduct of Stakeholder Planning and Construction of Water Systems L1 to L3
and toilet facilities in different IP barangays

Source: http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/192/NDRRMC%20Progress%20Report%20Diarrhea%20Cases%20in%20Palawan%2013%20April%202011,%206PM.pdf

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Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology , Vol. 98, No. 7, 725–731 (2004) Porcine and rodent infection with Trichinella , in the Sierra Grande area of Río Negro province, Argentina E. LARRIEU*, V. MOLINA†, S. ALBARRACÍN‡, S. MANCINI*, R. BIGATTI*,L. LEDESMA‡, C. CHIOSSO*, S. KRIVOKAPICH†, E. HERRERO* andE. GUARNERA†* Secretaría de Estado de Salud, Laprida 240, 8500 Vie

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