This is the first of a series of articles about aviation medicine. Many would-be pilots forego flight instruction because they erroneously believe that they could not pass an FAA flight physical. For example, some people still believe that one needs 20/20 vision to become a pilot. This is not true. Other pilots are unable to pass the physical when they first see an Aviation Medical Examiner (AM
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Nutrogenics.euHS-Omega-3 IndexR⃝ - report - reference sheet
Test , Testus ( * 1954-11-25 )
Ω-3 fatty acids
Monounsaturated fatty acids
α-linolenic (ALA) 18:3 ω3 Docosapentaenoic-n3 (DPA) 22:5 ω3 Range2: 3.1% – 20.8%
Range2: 11.6% – 29.3%
Ω-6 fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids
γ-linolenic (GLA) 18:3 ω6 Dihomo-γ-linolenic (DGLA) 20:3 ω6 Docosapentaenoic-n6 22:5n6 ω6 Range2: 31.0% – 43.7%
Range2: 18.6% – 39.6%
fatty acids relation
Trans palmitolenic 16:1 ω7t Range2: 0.1% – 2.1%
1k.A.: Not applicable. Value below minimal measure.
2The range is the AVG from 2000 random German subjects, it may differ in other populations.
your HS-Omega-3 Index is: 10.04%, and therefore within the target range of 8% - 11%.
Congratulations, your HS-Omega-3 Index is considered optimal. Keep up your diet / intake of fish oil. A yearlycheck of your HS-Omega-3 Index is sufficient. We would be happy to determine your HS-Omega-3 Index again.
*In general, trans fatty acids are considered unhealthy. However, trans palmitolein (16:1 ω7t) from meat anddairy products is now being considered harmless 1. Only trans fatty acids from industrial food production areconsidered harmful (isomers of trans oleic acid, 18:1 ω9t , and trans linoleic acid, 18:2 ω6t). In Europe, the sumof the latter isomers rarely exceeds 0.9% 2.
0By the way: Vegetable Omega-3 fattyacids do not increase your HS-Omega-3 Index.
1Bendsen et al, Eur J Clin Nutr. 2011;65:773.
2Harris et al, J Nutr 2012;142:1297.
What does HS-Omega-3 Index mean?
As your HS-Omega-3 Index increases you are better protected against a fatal cardiac arrest. HS-Omega-3 Indexrepresents the content of EPA and DHA, as apercentage of total fatty acids in your red blood cells. A HS-Omega-3 Index of 8% or higher is the ideal target.
Then you have a lower risk of cardiovascular diseases while your cells are kept younger for longer. Your HS-Omega-3 Index is 4% or lower, you should urgently change your eating habits, since this indicates that your riskof sudden cardiac death and other cardiovascular incidents is very high. You can bring your HS-Omega-3 Indexinto the target range by increasing your consumption of omega-3 fatty acids. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) anddocosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are the two omega-3 fatty acids that can make the difference. EPA and DHA arefound in fatty and semi-fatty fish (salmon, sardines, halibut, herring, mackerel, etc.), seafood (lobster, oysters,prawns, etc.) and seaweed/see algae. They can also be found in dietary supplements (fish oil, Algae oil, Krilloil) that have different concentrations of EPA and DHA. Consider a well-controlled supplement to provide youwith a minimum 500 mg or 1000 mg of EPA and DHA per day.
We would like to include the following comment concerning krill oil. Krill oil is currently a highly sought-after product but trying to adequately supplement the bodys Omega-3 store with krill oil is very difficult. You couldadd krill oil to your daily diet on account of the phospholipids, but you would have to take too many capsulesto achieve a daily dose of 500 to 1000 mg EPA and DHA. Many consumers are consequently disappointed bythe fact that their HS-Omega-3 index is too low, even though they took 3 to 5 krill oil capsules per day. Thisdemonstrates that krill oil alone does not suffice and that you would still have to combine it with anotherOmega-3 supplement (e.g. a highly concentrated fish oil supplement).
Food supplementation is considered safe with regard to contamination levels. Long-living predatory fish (tu- na, shark, marlin or swordfish) have large amounts of substances like methylmercury, which makes consumptionof larger amounts inadvisable, especially during pregnancy. Less problematic are small fishes such as anchovyand mackerel.
Bron: Mozzaffarian & Rimm, J Am Med Assoc 2006;296:1885 Thus, the HS-Omega-3 Index can be increased in a number of ways. After three months of increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids, a control measurement of the HS-Omega-3 Index should be performed. We would behappy to measure your HS-Omega-3 Index again and to report a higher result. Once the target range for theHS-Omega-3 Index has been reached, yearly controls are sufficient, if you continue your intake of omega-3 fattyacids.
Balance your Omega-6 and Omega-3
You are still too much engaged in Western-style eating habits. A Westerner typically ingests too many omega-6fatty acids from meat, dairy produce and vegetable oils, such as safflower, sunflower, corn, sesame and peanutoil. Reducing Omega-6 intake and boosting Omega-3 can bring you in between the 5:1 up to 2:1 optimal balance,versus the 15:1 ratio so common in Western diet.
Please note that consuming alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) - the vegetable omega-3 fatty acid present in green leafed vegetables, flax seed, walnut or rapeseed oil - will improve your balance between Omega-3 and Omega-6but does not increase your HS-Omega-3 Index. The body will only produce very small quantities of EPA andDHA from ALA (ALA ¿EPA ¿ DHA), and this conversion is not sufficient to provide the daily requirement ofEPA and DHA. To increase your HS-Omega-3 Index you need preformed EPA and DHA.
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PHILIP TREACY BIOGRAPHY 1966: Born in Ahascragh, a tiny village in County Galway in the West of Ireland. Philip lived with his parents, seven brothers and a sister across the road from the village church. “ As a small child, I loved to watch the weddings there. They were the equivalent of fashion shows to me. The dresses that people wore, I couldn’t believe them, they were inc