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Microsoft word - gothic plantlist august 2007.doc

This list of the vascular plants of the Gothic area was developed as a result of studies of specimens of the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory (RMBL) Herbarium, literature searches plus extensive field activity and collecting by the authors. The list covers the following geographic area in Gunnison County, CO: From the highest point west of Queen Basin along the ridge to White Rock Mountain and then to the Gunnison-Pitkin County line at Triangle Pass. North and west along the county line (which follows the ridges) to West Maroon Pass and the Forest Service boundary. Following the boundary along the ridge to Bellview Mountain, Schofield Pass, and to the top of Mount Baldy. East along the Mount Baldy ridgeline over Gothic Mountain to the top of Snodgrass Mountain. From Snodgrass, northeastward and back to the ridge above Queen Basin including the several Kettle Ponds in the East River Valley Meadows. (Fig. 1) Hartman and Nelson’s (2001) A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Colorado is the basic botanical authority for this checklist. Plant taxonomy is always in flux; the decision to use Hartman and Nelson was based on practicalities, not, to quote those authors “that we have superior knowledge!” Synonymies from Weber and Wittmann’s floras (1996 and 2001) are included since that taxonomy is familiar to many who botanize in Colorado. For those familiar with our first edition, Appendix 1 lists older taxonomic names (and synonymies) that otherwise do not appear in this third edition. Other useful treatments of Rocky Mountain flora are listed in the references. The authors did not attempt to verify each and every identification in the RMBL Herbarium nor was it possible to check independently for complete accuracy in early plant lists that were used as starting points for this work. It is recognized there may be errors, but the authors are confident, based on an extensive familiarity with the local flora, they are few. The authors would be pleased to know of additions or corrections to this list. Barrell, J. 1969. Flora of the Gunnison Basin. Natural Land Institute, Rockford, IL. 494 pp. Buck, P. and B. A. Frase. 1993. Vascular Plants of the Gothic Area. Rocky Mountain Biological Harrington, H. D. 1964. Manual of the Plants of Colorado. Swallow Press, Denver, CO. 666 pp. Hartman, R. L. and B. E. Nelson. 2001. A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Colorado. http://www.rmh.uwyo.edu Rocky Mountain Herbarium, University of Wyoming, Laramie. ca. 183 pp. Warren, K. D. 2006. Wild about Wildflowers: Extreme Botanizing in Crested Butte, Wildflower Capital of Colorado. Second edition. WildKat Pub., Glendale, AZ. 224 pp. Weber, W. A. and R. C. Wittmann. 1996. Colorado Flora: Eastern Slope. Second edition. University Press of Colorado, Niwot, CO. 396 pp. Weber, W. A. and R. C. Wittmann. 1996. Colorado Flora: Western Slope. Second edition. University Press of Colorado, Niwot, CO. 496 pp. Weber, W. A. and R. C. Wittmann. 2001. Colorado Flora: Western Slope. Third edition. University Press of Colorado, Niwot, CO. 488 pp Acknowledgments. We are indebted to Elissa Schuett and Beth Ross for word processing, and to Diana Browning for checking numerous details of taxonomy and synonymy. We are grateful to the many RMBL researchers who have been generous with identifications, specimens and locality information. Fern Allies
Equisetum arvense L. Equisetum laevigatum A. Braun Hippochaete laevigata (A. Braun) Farw. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Hippochaete variegata (Schleich.) Bruhin of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Isoëtes bolanderi Engelm. SELAGINELLACEAE - Little Club-Moss Family ASPLENIACEAE - Spleenwort Family +Asplenium trichomanes-ramosum L. A. viride Hudson of Weber and Wittmann 2001 ASPIDIACEAE (see Polypodiaceae) - Shield-Fern Family ATHYRIACEAE (see Dryopteridaceae) - Lady-Fern Family CRYPTOGRAMMACEAE (see Pteridiaceae) - Rock Brake Family DENNSTAEDTIACEAE – Bracken Family Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kunh. (Hypolepidaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) DRYOPTERIDACEAE (Includes Athyriaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) - Wood-Fern Family Anthyrium felix-femina (L.) Roth +Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman HYPOLEPIDACEAE (see Dennstaedtiaceae) - Bracken Family OPHIOGLOSSACEAE - Adder's Tongue Family Botrychium hesperium (Maxon and R. T. Clausen) W. H. Wagner and Lellinger Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw. POLYPODIACEAE - Polypody Family (Segregated into Aspidiaceae, Athyriaceae, and Woodsiaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. (Athyriaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth. (Aspidiaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Woodsia oregana D.C. Eaton (Woodsiaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) PTERIDACEAE (includes Cryptogrammaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) – Maidenhair Family Cryptogramma acrostichoides R. Br. Cryptogramma stelleri (Geml.) Prantl WOODSIACEAE (see Polypodiaceae) - Woodsia Family GYMNOSPERMAE - Naked Seed Plants
Abies arizonica Merriam Picea engelmanni (Parry) Engelm. Pinus contorta Engelm. Pinus aristata Engelm. Pseudotsuga taxifolia (Poir.) Britton P. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco of Weber and Wittmann 1996 ANGIOSPERMAE - Enclosed Seed Plants
ALLIACEAE (see Liliaceae) - Onion Family ALSINACEAE (see Caryophyllaceae) - Chickweed Family APIACEAE (UMBELLIFERAE) - Parsley Family Angelica ampla A. Nelson Angelica grayi J. M. Coult. and Rose Conioselinum scopulorum (A. Gray) J. M. Coult. & Rose Cymopterus alpinus A. Gray Oreoxis alpina (A. Gray) J. M. Coult. & Rose Cymopteris lemonii (J. M. Coult. & Rose) Dorn Pseudocymopteris montanus (A. Gray) J. M. Coult. & Rose of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Heracleum sphondylium L. var. lanatum (Michx.) Dorn H. sphondylium L. ssp. montanum (Schleich.) Briq. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Ligusticum tenuifolium S. Watson L. filicinum S. Watson Ligusticum porteri J. M. Coult. & Rose Lomatium dissectum (Nutt.) Mathias & Constance Osmorhiza depauperata Phil. Osmorhiza occidentalis (Nutt.) Torr. Oxypolis fendleri (A. Gray) A. Heller Asclepias speciosa Torr. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Asclepias subverticillata (A. Gray) Vail ASTERACEAE (COMPOSITAE) - Sunflower Family Achillea millefolium L. var. lanulosa (Nutt.) Piper A. lanulosa Nutt. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Agoseris aurantiaca (Hook.) Greene Agoseris glauca (Pursh) D. Dietr. Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. & Hook. Antennaria anaphaloides Rydb. A. pulcherrima (Hook.) Greene ssp. anaphaloides (Rydb.) W.A. Weber of Weber and Antennaria corymbosa E. Nelson Antennaria dimorpha (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray Antennaria media Greene Antennaria microphylla Rydb. Antennaria parvifolia Nutt. Antennaria rosea Greene Antennaria rosulata Rydb. Antennaria umbrinella Rydb. Arnica chamissonis Less. Arnica cordifolia Hook. Arnica latifolia Bong. Arnica longifolia D.C. Eaton Arnica mollis Hook. Arnica parryi A. Gray Arnica rydbergii Greene Seriphidium canum (Pursh) W.A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Oligosporus dracunculus (L.) Poljakov of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Artemisia frigida Willd. Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. Artemisia scopulorum A. Gray Artemisia tridentata Nutt. Seriphidium tridentatum (Nutt.) Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Virgulaster ascendens (Lindl. ex Hook.) Semple of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Aster engelmannii (D.C. Eaton) A. Gray Eucephalus engelmannii (D. C. Eaton) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Aster foliaceus Lindl. Aster glaucodes S. F. Blake Eucephalus glaucus Nutt. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Aster occidentalis (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray A. spathulatus Lindl. ex DC of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Aster oregonus (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray Aster pauciflorus Nutt. Almutaster pauciflorus (Nutt.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Bahia dissecta (A. Gray) Britton Balsamorhiza sagittata (Pursh) Nutt. Brickellia grandiflora (Hook.) Nutt. Chaenactis alpina (A. Gray) M.E. Jones Chaenactis douglasii (Hook.) Hook. & Arn. Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (Hook.) Nutt. *Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Breea arvense (L.) Less. of Weber and Wttmann 1996 Cirsium tioganum (Congd.) Petr. var. coloradense (Rydb.) Dorn +Cirsium eatonii (A. Gray) B. L. Rob. Cirsium parryi (A. Gray) Petrak Cirsium scopulorum (Greene) Cockerell C. hesperium (Eastw.) Petrak (distinct species from above Weber and Wittmann 2001) Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. Crepis acuminata Nutt. Psilochenia acuminata (Nutt.) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Psilochenia intermedia (A. Gray) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Askellia nana (Richardson) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Crepis runcinata (E. James) Torr. & A. Gray Psilochenia runcinata (E. James) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Macronema discoideum Nutt. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Ericameria nauseosa Pall. and Pursh Chrysothamnus nauseosa (Pall.) Britton of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Ericameria parryi A. Gray Chrysothamnus parryi (A. Gray) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Trimorpha elongata (Ledeb.) Vier. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Erigeron compositus Pursh Erigeron coulteri Porter Erigeron eatoni A. Gray Erigeron elatior (A. Gray) Greene Erigeron eximius Greene Erigeron flagellaris A. Gray Erigeron formosissimus Greene Erigeron glabellus Nutt. Erigeron leiomeris A. Gray Erigeron lonchophyllus Hook. Trimorpha lonchophylla (Hook.) Nesom of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Erigeron melanocephalus A. Nelson Erigeron peregrinus (Pursh) Greene Erigeron pinnatisectus (A. Gray) A. Nelson Erigeron pumilus Nutt. Erigeron simplex Greene Erigeron speciosus (Lindl.) DC. Erigeron subtrinervis Rydb. Erigeron vagus Payson Gnaphalium exilifolium A. Nelson G. uliginosum L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Helianthella quinquenervis (Hooker) A. Gray Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners Chlorocrepis fendleri (Sch. Bip.) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Chlorocrepis tristis (Willd.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Hymenoxys hoopesii (A. Gray) Bierner Dugaldia hoopesii (A. Gray) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Lactuca canadensis L. var. longifolia (Michx.) Farw. Machaeranthera bigelovii A. Gray Machaeranthera canescens Pursh +*Madia glomerata Hook. *Matricaria matricarioides (Less.) Porter Lepidotheca suaveolens Nutt. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +*Matricaria perforata Merat Packera cana (Hook.) W. A. Weber & A. Löve Packera crocata (Rydb.) W. A. Weber & A. Löve Packera dimorphophylla (Greene) W. A. Weber & A. Löve Packera porteri (Greene) C. Jeffrey Ligularia porteri (Greene) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Packera pseudaurea (Rydb.) W. A. Weber & A. Löve Packera streptanthifolia (Greene) W. A. Weber & A. Löve Packera werneriifolia (A. Gray) W. A. Weber & A. Löve Petasites sagittata (Pursh) A. Gray Pseudognaphalium viscosum (Kunth) Weber Pyrrocoma crocea (A. Gray) Greene Rudbeckia occidentalis Nutt. of W. A. Weber and Wittmann 1996 Senecio amplectens A. Gray Ligularia amplectens (A. Gray) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Senecio atratus Greene Senecio bigelovii A. Gray Ligularia bigelovii (A. Gray) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Senecio crassulus A. Gray Senecio eremophilus Richardson Senecio fremontii Torr. & A. Gray Senecio integerrimus Nutt. Senecio pudicus Greene Ligularia pudica (Greene) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Senecio serra Hook. Senecio soldanella A. Gray Ligularia soldanella (A. Gray) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Senecio triangularis Hook. Solidago canadensis L. Solidago missouriensis Nutt. Solidago multiradiata Aiton Solidago parryi (A. Gray) Greene Oreochrysum parryi (Gray) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Taraxacum ceratophorum (Ledeb.) DC. T. ovinum Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Taraxacum eriophorum Rydb. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. ex. Besser Taraxacum lyratum (Ledeb.) DC. T. scopulorum (Gray) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Tetradymia canescens DC. Tetraneuris grandiflora (Torr. & A. Gray) Parker Rydbergia grandiflora (Torr. & A.Gray) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze +Tonestus pygmaeus (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Nelson Townsendia leptotes (A. Gray) Osterh. Townsendia rothrockii A. Gray Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. Ximenesia encelioides Cav. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Viguiera multiflora (Nutt.) S. F. Blake Heliomeris multiflora Nutt. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Wyethia amplexicaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. Wyethia arizonica A. Gray BERBERIDACEAE - Barberry Family Mahonia repens (Lindl.) G. Don BETULACEAE - Birch Family Alnus incana (L.) Moench. Hackelia floribunda (Lehm.) I. M. Johnst. Mertensia alpina (Torr.) G. Don Mertensia bakeri Greene (Included in M. lanceolata (Pursh) A. DC. by Weber and Wittmann 1996) Mertensia ciliata (E. James) G. Don Mertensia fusiformis Greene Mertensia lanceolata (Pursh) A. DC. Mertensia viridis A. Nelson (Included in M. lanceolata (Pursh) A. DC. by Weber and Wittmann 1996) Plagiobothrys scouleri (Hooker and Arn.) I. M. Johnst. BRASSICACEAE (CRUCIFERAE) - Mustard Family Boechera divaricarpa (Nelson) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Boechera drummondii (A.Gray) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Arabis fendleri (S. Watson) Greene Boechera fendleri (S. Watson) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Turritis glabra L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop. Arabis lemmonii S. Watson Boechera lemmonii (S. Watson) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Boechera lignifera (A. Nelson) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Boechera selbyi (Rydb.) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 *Barbarea orthoceras Ledeb. +*Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. *Camelina microcarpa Andrz ex DC *Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Cardamine cordifolia A. Gray Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd. *Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. *Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC +Descurainia californica (A. Gray) O. E. Schulz Descurainia incana (Bernh. ex Fisch. & C. A. Mey.) Dorn Descurainia pinnata (Walt.) Britton Draba aurea M. Vahl Draba crassa Rydb. Draba crassifolia R. Graham (Includes D. stenoloba Harrington 1954) Draba nemorosa L. Draba lonchocarpa Rydb. Draba oligosperma Hook. Draba spectabilis Greene Erysimum asperum (Nutt.) DC. (Probably includes E. capitatum (Doug.) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996) *Erysimum cheiranthoides L. *Erysimum inconspicum (S. Watson) MacMill. Lepidium densiflorum Schrad. Lepidium montanum Nutt. Lepidium ramosissimum A. Nelson Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Noccaea montana (L.) Meyer Physaria acutifolia Rydb. Physaria alpina Rollins Physaria floribunda Rydb. +Rorippa curvipes Greene +Rorippa curvisiliqua (Hook.) Bessey ex Britton Rorippa islandica (Oeder ex. Murray) Borbás R. palustris (L.) Besser of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Schoenocrambe linifolia (Nutt.) Greene Smelowskia calycina C.A. Meyer *Thlaspi arvense L. CALLITRICHACEAE - Water-Starwort Family Callitriche hermaphroditica L. Callitriche palustris L. C. verna L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 CALOCHORTACEAE (see Liliaceae) - Mariposa Family Campanula parryi A. Gray Campanula rotundifolia L. Campanula uniflora L. Linnaea borealis L. Lonicera involucrata (Richardson) Banks Distegia involucrata (Banks) Cockerell of Weber and Wittmann 1996 S. pubens Michx. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Symphoricarpos oreophilus A. Gray S. rotundifolius A. Gray of Weber and Wittmann 1996 CARYOPHYLLACEAE - Pink Family (Including Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Eremongone congesta (Nutt.) Ikonn. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Cerastium strictum L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Cerastium beeringianum Cham. & Schlecht. (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Minuartia obtusiloba (Rydb.) House Lidia obtusiloba (Rydb.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Tryphane rubella (Wahlenb.) Rchb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996) (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Moehringia laterifolia (L.) Fenzl. (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) +Moehringia macrophylla (Hook.) Fenzl +Pseudostellaria jamesiana (Torr.) W. A. Weber & R. L. Hartm. Sagina saginoides (L.) Karst. (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Silene acaulis L. Silene drummondii Hook. Gastrolychnis drummondii (Hook.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Gastrolychnis apetala (L.) Tolm. & Kozhanch. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Gastrolychnis kingii (S. Watson) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +*Silene latifolia Poir. Melandrium dioicum (L.) Cosson & Germain of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Anotites menziesii (Hook.) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 *Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke +Stellaria calycantha (Ledeb.) Bong. Stellaria irrigua Bunge (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Stellaria longifolia Muhl. ex. Willd. (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Stellaria longipes Goldie (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Stellaria umbellata Turcz. (Alsinaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Pachystima myrsinites (Pursh) Raf. (Weber and Wittmann 1996 suggest the correct spelling is Paxistima) CHENOPODIACEAE -Goosefoot Family +*Chenopodium album L. +Chenopodium atrovirens Rydb. Chenopodium fremontii S. Watson Chenopodium overi Aellen C. foliosum (Moench) Asch. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Monolepis nuttalliana (Schult.) Greene CONVALLARIACEAE (see also Liliaceae) - Mayflower Family CONVOLVULACEAE - Morning-Glory Family *Convolvulus arvensis L. CORNACEAE - Dogwood Family Swida sericea (L.) Holub of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Sedum integrifolium (Raf.) A. Nelson Rhodiola integrifolia Raf. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Tolmachevia integrifolia (Raf.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 2001 Clementsia rhodantha (A. Gray) Rose of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Amerosedum lanceolatum (Torr.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Carex albonigra Mack. Carex aquatilis Wahlenb. Carex arapahoensis Clokey Carex atrata L. C. chalciolepis Holm of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Carex atrosquama Mack. Carex aurea Nutt. Carex bella Bailey C. engelmannii Bailey of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb. Carex canescens L. Carex capillaris L. Carex disperma Dewey Carex ebenea Rydb. Carex egglestonii Mack. Carex elynoides Holm. Carex foenea Willd. Carex geyeri Boott Carex gynocrates Wormsk. C. dioica L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Carex haydeniana Olney Carex hoodli Boott. Carex illota Bailey Carex interior Bailey Carex laeviculmis Meinsh. Carex lanuginosa Michx. Carex microptera Mack. C. festivella Mack. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Carex nardina Fr. Carex nelsonii Mack. Carex nigricans Mey. Carex norvegica Retz. Carex nova Bailey Carex paupercula Michx. C. magellanica Lam. ssp. irrigua (Wahlenb.) Hultén of Weber and Wittmann 2001 Carex phaeocephala Piper Carex pyrenaica Wahlenb. C. crandallii Gandoger of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Carex rossii Boott Carex rupestris All. C. saxatilis L. ssp. laxa (Trautv.) Kalela of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Carex stenophylla Wahlenb. Carex utriculata Boott Carex vesicaria L. Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem and Schult. Eriophorum polystchion L. E. angustifolium Honck. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Eriophorum scheuchzeri Hoppe E. altaicum Meinsh. var. neogaeum Raymond of Weber and Wittmann 2001 K. myosuroides (Vill.) of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K. C. Gmel.) Palla S. lacustris (L.) Palla ssp. validus (Vahl.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 E. triandra Schkuhr. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 ERICACEAE - Heath Family (Including Pyrolaceae Weber and Wittmann 1996) Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. A. adenotricha (Fernald and Macbr.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Gaultheria humifusa (Graham) Rydb. +Kalmia microphylla (Hook.) A. Heller Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray (Pyrolaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Orthilia secunda (L.) House (Pyrolaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Pyrola asarifolia Michx. P. rotundifolia L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Pyrolaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Pyrola chlorantha Swartz (Pyrolaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Pyrola minor L. (Pyrolaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Vaccinium cespitosum Michx. Vaccinium myrtillus L. Vaccinium scoparium Leiberg. Astragalus alpinus L. Astragalus bodinii Sheld. +*Astragalus cicer L. +Astragalus eucosmus B. L. Rob. Astragalus molybdenus Barneby Astragalus robbinsii (Oakes) Gray Hedysarum occidentale Greene L. leucanthus Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 L. caudatus Kellogg of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Lupinus lepidus Douglas ex Lindl. L. caespitosus Nutt. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. var. prunophilus (M. E. Jones) L. Ll. Phillips L. bakeri Greene ssp. amplus Greene) Fleak & D. B. Dunn of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +*Medicago lupulina L. +*Medicago sativa L. *Melilotus albus Medik. *Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall. Oxytropis podocarpa A. Gray Oxytropis viscida Nutt. ex. Torr. & A. Gray Trifolium dasyphyllum Torr. & A. Gray T. rusbyi Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 *Trifolium pratense L. *Trifolium repens L. FUMARIACEAE - Fumitory Family +Corydalis aurea Willd. Pneumonanthe affinis (Griseb.) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Gentianodes algida (Pall.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Chondrophylla aquatica (L.) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Pneumonanthe parryi (Engelm.) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Gentianella amarella (L.) Börner var. acuta (Michx.) Herder G. acuta (Michx.) Hiltonen of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Gentianella amarella (L.) Börner var. heterosepala (Engelm.) Dorn G. heterosepala (Engelm.) Holub of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Gentianopsis barbellata (Engelm.) Iltis Gentianopis detonsa Rottb. Ma var. elegans (A. Nelson) N. H. Holmgren G. thermalis (Kuntze) Iltis of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Geranium richardsonii Fisch. and Trautv. Geranium viscosissimum Fisch. and C. A. Mey. GROSSULARIACEAE - Currant or Gooseberry Family Ribes cereum Douglas Ribes coloradense Coville. Ribes inerme Rydb. Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir. Ribes montigenum McClat. Ribes wolfii Rothrock HELLEBORACEAE (see also Ranunculaceae) - Hellebore Family HIPPURIDACEAE - Mare’s Tail Family Hydrophyllum capitatum Douglas ex. Benth. Hydrophyllum fendleri (A. Gray) Heller Nemophila breviflora A. Gray +Phacelia hastata Douglas ex Lehm. Phacelia heterophylla Pursh Phacelia sericea (Graham) A. Gray HYPERIACEAE - St. Johnswort Family +Hypericum formosum Kunth IRIDACEAE - Iris Family +Sisyrinchium idahoense E. P. Bicknell JUNCACEAE - Rush Family +Juncus arcticus Willd. Juncus confusus Coville Juncus drummondii E. Mey. Juncus ensifolius Wikstr. J. saximontanus A. Nelson (distinct species from above Weber and Wittmann 1996) J. tracyi Rydb. (distinct species Weber and Wittmann 1996 (A 15 February 1974 letter from F. J. Hermann to J. Barrell reports J. tracyi as occurring in the Gunnison Basin. The addition is based upon H. G. Barclay's 1933 collections, 33-1 & 33-140.) Juncus mertensianus Bong. Juncus parryi Engelm. Luzula comosa E. May Luzula parviflora (Ehrh.) Desv. Luzula spicata (L.) DC. T. palustris L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Agastache urticifolia (Benth.) Kuntze Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt. Monardella odoratissima Benth. Prunella vulgaris L. LILIACEAE - Lily Family (Including Alliaceae, Calochortaceae, Convallariaceae, Melanthiaceae and Uvulariaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) A. brandegei S. Watson of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Alliaceae of Weber and Wittmann Allium cernuum Roth. (Alliaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Allium geyeri S. Watson var. tenerum M.E.Jones A. rubrum Osterh. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Alliaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Calochortus gunnisonii S. Watson (Calochortaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Erythronium grandiflorum Pursh Lloydia serotina (L.) Sweet Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link Maianthemum amplexicaule (Nutt.) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Convallariaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Maianthemum stellata (L.) Desf. (Convallariaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Streptopus amplexifolius (L.) DC. & Lam. Streptopus fassettii Löve and Löve (Uvulariaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Veratrum californicum Durant V. tenuipetalum Heller of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Melanthiacaeae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Anticlea elegans (Pursh) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Melanthiaceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Adenolinum lewisii (Pursh) Löve and Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 MALVACEAE - Mallow Family *Malva neglecta Wallr. Sidalcea candida A. Gray Sidalcea neomexicana A. Gray MELANTHIACEAE (see Liliaceae) - False Hellebore Family C. danielsii D. Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 C. subdentatum (Rydb.) Löve & Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Epilobium anagallidifolium Lam. Epilobium brachycarpum C. Presl. Epilobium ciliatum (Lehm.) Dorn Epilobium clavatum Trel. Epilobium hornemanni Rchb. Epilobium lactiflorum Haussk. Epilobium saximontanum Haussk. Gayophytum diffusum Torr. & A. Gray Gayophytum ramosissimum Torr. & A. Gray Oenothera flava (A. Nelson) Garrett Oenothera elata Kunth. Oenothera villosa Thunb. +Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm. Corallorhiza trifida (L.) Châtel. Goodyeara oblongifolia Raf. Listera borealis Morong Listera cordata (L.) R. Br. Platanthera aquilonis Sheviak Limnorchis hyperborea (L.) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex L. C. Beck var albiflora (Cham.) Ledeb. Limnorchis dilatata (Pursh) Rydb. ssp. albiflora (Cham.) A. Löve & Simon of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Platanthera obtusata (Banks ex. Pursh) Richards Lysiella obtusata (Banks ex. Pursh) Britton Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Platanthera purpurascens (Rydb.) Sheviak and W.F. Jenn. Limnorchis stricta (Lindl.) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. & Schl. Aphyllon fasciculata (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray of Weber and Wittmann 1996 PAPAVERACEAE - Poppy Family *Papavera nudicaule L. Papaver croceum Ledeb., cultivar of above PARNASSIACEAE - Grass-of-Parnassus Family Parnassia fimbriata König PLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain Family *P1antago lanceolata L. *Plantago major L. P1antago tweedyi A. Gray POACEAE (GRAMINEAE) - Grass Family Agrostis exarata Trin. +*Agrostis gigantea Roth +*Alopecurus pratensis L. *Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Presl. Beckmannia syzigachne (Steud.) Fernald Blepharoneuron tricholepis (Torr.) Nash Bromus anomalus Rupr. ex. Fourn. Bromopsis porteri (J. M. Coult.) Holub of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn. Ceratochloa carinata (Hook. & Arn.) Tutin of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Bromopsis canadensis (Michx.) Holub of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) Holub of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Anisantha tectorum (L.) Nevski of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) Beauv. Calamagrostis inexpansa A. Gray C. stricta (Timm) Koeler of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Calamagrostis purpurascens R. Br. Calamagrostis scopulorum M. E. Jones Catabrosa aquatica (L.) Beauv. Cinna latifolia (Trev.) Griseb. Danthonia intermedia Vasey Deschampsia atropurpurea (Wahlenb.) Scheele Vahlodea atropurpurea (Wahlenb.) Fr. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Deschampsia cespitosa (L.) Beauv. Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey Elymus glaucus Buckley +*Elymus hispidus (Opiz) Melderis Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth and D. R. Dewey of Weber and Wittmann 1966 Elymus saundersii Vasey Elymus scribneri (Vasey) Jones Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould Festuca idahoensis Elmer Festuca brachyphylla Schult. Festuca rubra L. Festuca thurberi Vasey +Glyceria elata (Nash ex Rydb.) M. E. Jones +Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc. +Hierochloë hirta (Schrank) Borbás Critesion brachyantherum (Nevski) Barkworth & D. R. Dewey of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult. Melica spectabilis Scribn. Bromelica spectabilis (Scribn.) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Muhlenbergia filiformis (Thurb. ex S. Watson) Rydb. Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc. Phalaris arundinacea L. Phalaroides arundinacea (L.) Rauschert of Weber and Wittmann 1996 P. commutatum Gaudin of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Phleum pratense L. Poa alpina L. Poa annua L. Poa arctica R. Br. Poa cusickii Vasey Poa fendleriana (Steud.) Vasey Poa glauca Vahl. Poa interior Rydb. P. nemoralis L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Poa nervosa (Hook.) Vasey Poa occidentalis Vasey Poa palustris L. Poa pattersoni Vasey P. abbreviata R. Br. of ssp. pattersonii (Vasey) A. Löve , D. Löve, & B. M. Kapoor of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Achnatherum nelsonii Scribner of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Stipa lettermanii Vasey Achnatherum lettermanii (Vasey) Barkworth of Weber and Wittmann 1966 Torreychloa pallida (Torr.) G. L. Church T. pauciflora (Presl.) G. L. Church of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Trisetum montanum Vasey Trisetum spicatum (L.) Richt. Trisetum wolfii Vasey Collomia linearis Nutt. Ipomopsis aggregata (Pursh) V. E. Grant Phlox condensata (A. Gray) A. Nelson Polemonium foliosissimum A. Gray Polemonium occidentale Greene P. caeruleum L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Polemonium pulcherrimum Hook. Polemonium viscosum Nutt. Eriogonum coloradense Small Eriogonum tristichum Small Eriogonum umbellatum Torr. var. majus Hook. E. subalpinum Greene (distinct species from above Weber and Wittmann 1996) P. arenastrum Boreau of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Bistorta bistortoides (Pursh) Small of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Polygonum douglasii Greene Polygonum kelloggii Greene P. polygaloides Meisner of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Bistorta vivipara (L.) S. Gray of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Acetosella vulgaris (Koch) Fourr. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Rumex aquaticus L. *Rumex crispus L. Rumex densiflorus Osterh. Rumex salicifolius Weinm. R. triangulivalvis (Danser) Rechinger f. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Claytonia lanceolata Pursh Claytonia megarhiza (Gray) Parry Lewisia pygmaea (A. Gray) B. L. Rob. Oreobroma pygmaea (Gray) Howell of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Lewisia triphylla (S. Watson) B. L. Rob. Erocallis triphylla (S. Watson) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Montia chamissoi (Ledeb.) Durand & Jackson Crunocallis chamissoi (Ledeb.) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 POTAMOGETONACEAE - Pondweed Family Potomogeton pusillus L. PRIMULACEAE - Primrose Family Androsace occidentalis Pursh Androsace septentrionalis L. Dodecatheon pulchellum (Raf.) Merr. Primula parryi A. Gray PYROLACEAE (see Ericaceae) - Wintergreen Family RANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup Family (Including Helleboraceae and Thalictraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Aconitum columbianum Nutt. (Helleboraceae of Weber and Wittmann1996) Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd. (Helleboraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Anemone multifida Poir. Anemone narcissiflora L. Anemonastrum narcissiflorum (L.) Holub of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Anemone parviflora Michx. Anemone patens L. Pulsatilla patens (L.) Mill. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Aquilegia coerulea E. James (Helleboraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1966) Aquilegia elegantula Greene (Helleboraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1966) Caltha leptosepala DC. Psychrophila leptosepala (DC.) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 (Helleboraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Delphinium barbeyi Huth. (Helleboraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Delphinium nuttallianum Pritz. (Helleboraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Myosurus minimus L. Ranunculus alismaefolius Geyer +Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh Halerpestes cymbalaria (Pursh) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1966 Ranunculus eschscholtzii Schltdl. Ranunculus flammula L. R. reptans L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Ranunculus macauleyi A. Gray Ranunculus macounii Britton Ranunculus pedatifidus J.E. Sm. Ranunculus uncinatus D. Don +Thalictrum alpinum L. (Thalictraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Thalictrum fendleri Engelm. (Thalictraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996) Trollius albiflorus (A. Gray) Rydb. (Helleboraceae of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt. Dryas octopetala L. Fragaria vesca L. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Fragaria virginiana Mill. Geum macrophyllum Willd. Geum rivale L. Geum triflorum Pursh Erythrocoma triflora (Pursh) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Acomastylis rossii (R. Br.) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Ivesia gordonii (Hook.) Torr. & A. Gray Holodiscus dumosus (Nutt.) Heller H. discolor (Pursh) Maxim. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Petrophyton caespitosum (Nutt.) Rydb. Potentilla anserina L. Argentina anserina (L.) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Drymocallus arguta (Pursh) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Potentilla concinna Richardson Potentilla diversifolia Lehmann Potentilla fruticosa L. Pentaphylloides floribunda (Pursh) A. Löve of Weber and Wittmann 1996 P. pulcherrima Lehm. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Potentilla nivea L. Potentilla rubricaulis Lehm. Rosa woodsii Lindl. Rubus idaeus L. Rubus parviflorus Nutt. Rubacer parviflorum (Nutt.) Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Sibbaldia procumbens L. Sorbus scopulina Greene Spiraea douglasii Hook. G. septentrionale Roem. & Schult. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Galium trifidum L. Galium triflorum Michx. +*Galium verum L. SALICACEAE - Willow Family Populus balsamifera L. Populus tremuloides Michx. Salix arctica Pall. S. petrophila Rydb. of Weber and Wittmann 2001 Salix boothii Dorn. Salix brachycarpa Nutt. Salix drummondiana Barr. S. lutea Nutt. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Salix exigua Nutt. Salix glauca L. S. lucida Muhl. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 S. pseudomonticola Ball (distinct species from above Weber and Wittmann 1996) Salix planifolia Pursh Salix reticulata L. Salix wolfii Bebb Heuchera parvifolia Nutt. Lithophragma glabrum Nutt. Mitella pentandra Hook. Mitella stauropetala Piper Saxifraga adscendens L. Muscaria adscendens (L.) Small of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Ciliaria austromontana (Wiegand) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Saxifraga cernua L. Saxifraga cespitosa L. Muscaria delicatula Small of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Muscaria micropetala Small (distinct species from above Weber and Wittmann 1996) Muscaria monticula (Small) Fedde (distinct species from above Weber and Wittmann 1966) Saxifraga flagellaris Willd. Hirculus platysepalus (Trautv.) W. A. Weber ssp.crandallii (Gand) W. A. Weber of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Saxifraga odontoloma Piper Micranthes odontoloma (Piper) Heller of Weber and Wittmann 1996 S. hyperborea R. Br. (distinct species from above Weber and Wittmann 1996) Mircanthes oregana (Howell) Small of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Micranthes rhomboidea (Greene) Small of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Sullivanta hapemanii (J. M. Coult. & Fish.) J. M. Coult. Besseya alpina (Gray) Rydb. Castilleja linariifolia Benth. Castilleja miniata Douglas Castilleja occidentalis Torr. Castilleja rhexifolia Rydb. Castilleja sulphurea Rydb. Chionophila jamesii Benth. Mimulus guttatus DC. Orthocarpus luteus Nutt. Pedicularis crenulata Benth. Pedicularis groenlandica Retz. Pedicularis parryi A. Gray Pedicularis bracteosa Benth. Pedicularis procera A. Gray Pedicularis racemosa Douglas ex. Hook. Pedicularis sudtica Willd. P. scopulorum A. Gray of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Penstemon crandallii A. Nelson P. cespitosus (Included in above Weber and Wittmann 1996) Penstemon harbourii A. Gray Penstemon rydbergii A. Nelson Penstemon strictus Benth. Penstemon whippleanus A. Gray Veronica americana Schwein. ex. Benth. Veronica peregrina L. Veronica serpyllifolia L. Veronicastrum serpyllifolium (L.) Fourr. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Veronica wormskjoldii Roem. & Schult. V. nutans Bongard of Weber and Wittmann 1996 THALICTRACEAE (see Ranunculaceae) - Meadow Rue Family URTICACEAE - Nettle Family U. gracilis Ait of Weber and Wittmann 1996 UVULARIACEAE (see Lilliaceae) – Bellwort Family VALERIANACEAE - Valerian Family Valeriana acutiloba Rydb. V. capitata Pall ex Link ssp acutiloba (Rydb.) F. G. Mey. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex. Torr. & A. Gray Valeriana occidentalis A. Heller Viola adunca J. E. Sm. Viola canadensis L. V. scopulorum (A. Gray) Greene of Weber and Wittmann 1996 +Viola labradorica Schrank +Viola macloskeyi Lloyd V. sororia Willd. of Weber and Wittmann 1996 Viola nuttallii Pursh Viola palustris L. +Viola praemorsa Douglas ex Lindl. + denotes a taxon added since the 1993 edition. The authors strongly believe that these additional taxa represent species overlooked earlier, not range extensions since 1993. * denotes a non-native taxon from outside North America
Species names that appeared in Buck and Frase (1993) that do not appear in the revised checklist.
The older nomenclature is according to Harrington (1964); we have listed here the modern
synonymies according to Hartman and Nelson (2001).
Apiaceae
Osmorhiza obtusa (J. M. Coult & Rose) Fernald = Osmorhiza depauperata Phil.
Asteraceae
Cirsium drummondii Torr. & A. Gray = Cirsium colorodense (Rydb.) Cockerell = C. tioganum (Congd.) Petr. var. coloradense (Rydb.) Dorn (this taxonomy is uncertain and complex) Haplopappus macronema A. Gray = Ericameria discoidea (Nutt.) G. L. Nelson var. discoidea
Helenium hoopseii A. Gray = Hymenoxys hoopesii (A. Gray) Bierner
Solidago decumbens Greene = Solidago simplex Kunth var. nana (A. Gray) G. S. Ringius
Brassicaceae
Descurainia richardsonii (Sweet) O. E. Schulz = Descurainia incana Bernh. ex Fisch. & C. A.
Rorippa obtusa (Nutt.) Britton = Rorippa teres (Michx.) Stuckey
Cyperaceae
Carex media R. Br.= Carex norvegica Retz. var. stevenii (Holm) Dorn
Onagraceae
Gayophytum nuttalli Torr. & A. Gray = Gayophytum diffusum Torr. & A. Gray var. strictipes

Poaceae
Agropyron saundersii (Vasey) Hitche. = Elymus saundersii Vasey
Agropyron scribneri
Vasey = Elymus scribneri (Vasey) M.E. Jones
Agropyron trachycaulum (Link) Malte = Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Gould ex Shinners var.
Festuca elatior L. var. arundinacea (Shreb) Celak. = Festuca arundinacea Schreb.
Rosaceae
Potentilla quinquefolia Rydb. = Potentilla concinna Richardson var. concinna

Source: http://rmbl.org/modules/Downloads/docs/vascularplantlist_2007.pdf

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