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Ec12_irc_chapter_18_nfm

CHAPTER 18
HANDOUT 18-2: Evaluating Content Mastery Student’s Name
CHAPTER 18 QUIZ
Write the letter of the best answer in the space provided.
______ 1. Under the direction and supervision of medical control; an EMT is
permitted to administer, or assist the patient in administering, all of the A. nitroglycerin.
C. Tylenol.
B. oxygen.
D. oral glucose.
______ 2. The medication that an EMT may administer, when directed by medical
control, for a poison that has been swallowed is: A. oxygen.
C. activated charcoal.
B. epinephrine.
D. a prescribed inhaler.
______ 3. All of the following are common examples of prescribed bronchodila-
A. Ventolin.
C. Nitrostat.
B. Proventil.
D. Xopenex.
______ 4. Prescribed inhalers and epinephrine auto-injectors have a similar effect
A. increase heart rates.
C. dilate blood vessels.
B. lower blood pressure.
D. lower sugar levels.

______ 5. Epinephrine is an example of a drug’s:
A. chemical name.
C. generic name.
B. trade name.
D. brand name.
______ 6. Specific signs or circumstances under which it is not appropriate to
A. indications.
C. protocols.
B. side effects.
D. contraindications.
______ 7. Fluids from an intravenous line that flow into the surrounding tissues
A. swelling.
C. occlusion.
B. infiltration.
D. infarction.
______ 8. A severe allergic reaction to a bee sting would be treated by administer-
A. oral glucose.
C. epinephrine.
B. nitroglycerin.
D. activated charcoal.
______ 9. Medications administered sublingually are:
A. swallowed.
C. dissolved under the tongue.
B. inhaled.
D. injected under the skin.
______10. Crushing chest pain in a patient with a known history of heart problems
A. epinephrine.
C. albuterol.
B. oral glucose.
D. nitroglycerin.
HANDOUT 18-3: Reinforcing Content Mastery Student’s Name

IN THE FIELD
Read the following real-life situation. Then answer the questions that follow.
You receive a call from a 6-year-old girl who states that her “mommy can hardly breathe.” When you arrive at the scene, you find a 28-year-old female with labored breathing. She can barely talk as she gasps for air. But after several attempts, the woman indicates that she has just finished mowing the lawn. She thinks the exertion has triggered an asthmatic attack. 1. What type of medication do you suspect the patient might take?
You place the patient in a comfortable sitting position and administer high-concentration oxygen. You ask your partner to take vital signs while you obtain a medical history. The pa- tient indicates that her physician has prescribed an inhaler for asthma, but she has not used it today. The woman tells her daughter to bring the medication to you. 2. What are some of the prescribed inhalers that you would expect to
After examining the patient’s medication, you call medical direction for permission to assist 3. Before helping the patient, what four “rights” must you ask yourself?
4. What common side effects might you expect after administration of

HANDOUT 18-4: Reinforcing Content Mastery Student’s Name
CHAPTER 18 REVIEW
Write the word or words that best complete each sentence in the space provided.
1. The study of drugs—their sources, characteristics, and effects—is called
2. Among EMS personnel, the terms medications and drugs are used interchangeably, but with
the public the terms _______________________ or _______________________ should be 3. _______________________ _______________________ is a suspension used to treat a
poisoning or overdose in which the substance was swallowed. 4. _______________________ _______________________ is administered to a conscious
patient (able to swallow) with an altered mental state and a history of diabetes. 5. _______________________ is a drug used to treat any patient whose medical or traumatic
condition causes him/her to be hypoxic or in danger of becoming hypoxic. 6. Many patients with recurrent chest pain carry _______________________ pills.
7. _______________________ is a medication that can reverse a severe allergic reaction.
8. Every drug or medication in the United States is listed in the _______________________
_______________________, which is a comprehensive government publication. 9. Every drug has _______________________, or specific signs, symptoms, or circumstances
under which it is appropriate to administer it to a patient. 10. Each drug also has _______________________, or specific signs or circumstances under
which it is not appropriate to administer it to a patient. HANDOUT 18-5: Reinforcing Content Mastery Student’s Name

PHARMACOLOGY BASICS LISTING
1. List six medications that an EMT may administer or help a patient to
self-administer under the direction of medical control. _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 2. List three types of names by which every drug is known.
_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 3. List eight routes by which a drug may be administered.
_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 4. List the five “rights” that an EMT should ask before administering any
_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 5. List two common drug references carried on many ambulances.
_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________
HANDOUT 18-6: Reinforcing Content Mastery Student’s Name
DRUG FLASH CARDS
Use the following information to create flash cards to test each other’s knowledge of the six
medications that an EMT may administer or help a patient to self-administer. On each flash
card, challenge a classmate to fill in the missing information. Add the completed flash cards to
your notebooks.
Medication: __________________________________________________________________ LiquiChar, Actidose, SuperChar, InstaChar Indications: Poisoning or overdose of a swallowed substance __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Indications: _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream, which carries it to the brain to reverse the patient’s potentially life-threatening condition. _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Indications: Any patient whose medical or traumatic condition causes him/her to be hypoxic or __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Any medical or traumatic injury with hypoxia Medication: __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Indications: Severe difficulty breathing due to exacerbation of a respiratory disease __________________________________________________________________ Enlarges constricted bronchial tubes, making breathing easier Side effects: Increased heart rate, jitteriness Indications: __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Helps dilate the coronary vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood Side effects: __________________________________________________________________ Coronary artery disease, angina, history of heart attack Medication: __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Constricts the blood vessels and relaxes airway passages Side effects: Increased heart rate and blood pressure

Source: http://www2.bc.cc.ca.us/alliedhealth/studentpages/PEMT/EMT/EMT%20Quizzes/Pages%20from%20EC12_IRC_Chapter_18_NFM.pdf

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