Microsoft word - lit update feb 09.doc

ICCS literature update service, February 2009

Below are listed articles that various ICCS members have
recommended. The comments and the recommendations are the
members’ own, although they have been edited/shortened by the
General Secretary for uniformity of style and extent
(Please remember that you, as a paying ICCS member, are encouraged
to submit material to the ICCS literature update. So, whenever you read
something that you find useful or interesting, and that you have not
written yourself, please drop me a line!)
The next Literature update will be sent only to those of you who have
payed your membership fee for 2009.

Lindehall B, Möller A, Hjälmås K, Jodal U, Abrahamsson K.
Psychosocial factors in teenagers and young adults with
myelomeningocele and clean intermittent catheterization. Scand J
Urol Nephrol. 2008;42(6):539-44.

There are no negative psychosocial consequences of clean intermittent
Bower W. Self-reported effect of childhood incontinence on quality of life.
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2008;35(6):617-21.

The impact of incontinence problems on quality of life is worse for boys,
for combined day- and nighttime wetting and/or when bowel function is
also disturbed
Van Laecke E. Elimination disorders in people with intellectual
disability. J Intellect Disabil Res. 2008;52(10):810-

Review on incontinence in children with intellectual disabilities from the
main expert in the field
Chancellor MB, Zinner N, Whitmore K, Kobashi K, Snyder JA, Siami P, et
al. Efficacy of solifenacin in patients previously treated with tolterodine
extended release 4 mg: results of a 12-week, multicenter, open-label,
flexible-dose study. Clin Ther. 2008;30(10):1766-81.

Patients (adults) with residual urgency in spite of treatment with
tolterodine can often benefit from solifenacin. The side-effects were
Novak TE, Salmasi AH, Lakshmanan Y, Mathews RI, Gearhart JP. Bladder
neck transection for intractable pediatric urinary incontinence. J Urol.
2008;[Epub ahead of print].

Bladder neck transection is a safe (although quite desperate) procedure
in children with intractable in continence due to malformations. Almost all
become continent and the risk for kidney damage is very low.
De Guchtenaere A, Raes A, Vande Walle CV, Hoebeke P, Van Laecke E,
Donckerwolcke R, et al. Evidence for partial anti-enuretic response
related to poor pharmacodynamic effects of desmopressin nasal spray. J
Urol. 2008;[Epub ahead of print].

Study on enuretic children who do not fully respond to desmopressin
although they have nocturnal polyuria. In this small group both children
with suboptimal antidiuretic effect and children with prolonged
antidiuresis with desmopressin were found.
Reddy PP, Borgstein NG, Nijman RJ, Ellsworth P. Long-term efficacy and
safety of tolterodine in children with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. J
Pediatr Urol. 2008;4(6):428-33.

Open-label study on tolterodine to children with neuropathic bladder. The
drug was well tolerated and resulted in increased bladder volume and
decreased incontinence
Wang QW, Wen JG, Zhu QH, Zhang GX, Yang K, Wang Y, et al. The effect
of familial aggregation on the children with primary nocturnal enuresis.
Neurourol Urodyn. 2008;[Epub ahead of print].

The enuresis of children with a positive family history is more often
severe and/or nonmonosymptomatic that in enuretic children without
positive family history. But nocturnal urine production and subjective
arousal thresholds does not differ between the groups.
Bo K, Sundgot-Borgen J. Are former female elite athletes more likely to
experience urinary incontinence later in life than non-athletes? Scand J
Med Sci Sports. 2008;[Epub ahead of print].

Sports activities is not a risk factor for the later development of urge or
stress incontinence
Baeyens D, Lierman A, Roeyers H, Hoebeke P, Vande Walle J. Adherence
in children with nocturnal enuresis. J Pediatr Urol. 2008;[Epub ahead of

The compliance to instructions regarding drinking and voiding habits was
found to be 70% after five months. Better treatment results if the compliance is
Cardozo L, Hessdorfer E, Milani R, Arano P, Dewilde L, Slack M, et al.
Solifenacin in the treatment of urgency and other symptoms of
overactive bladder: results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-
controlled, rising-dose trial. BJU Int. 2008;102(9):1120-7.

Solifenacin (in adult patients) is better than placebo in the reduction of
urgency. Side effects were minor.
Kokke FT, Scholtens PA, Alles MS, Decates TS, Fiselier TJ, Tolboom JJ,
et al. A dietary fiber mixture versus lactulose in the treatment of
childhood constipation: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. J
Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008;47(5):593-7.

Lactulose is not better than dietary fibers in the treatment of constipation in
Chrzan R, Dik P, Klijn AJ, de Jong TP. Sling suspension of the bladder
neck for pediatric urinary incontinence. J Pediatr Urol. 2008;[Epub ahead
of print].

The U-type sling suspension of the bladder neck was evaluated in a
large group of children with neuropathic bladder. Many also required
bladder augmentation or detrusorectomy. Almost half of the patients
became dry and almost ¾ had improved continence. No dangerous
Yuan Z, Cheng W, Hou A, Wang W, Zhang S, Liu D, et al. Constipation is
associated with spina bifida occulta in children. Clin Gastroenterol
Hepatol. 2008;6(12):1348-53.

Comparison between children with functional constipation, children with
nonretentive fecal incontinence and controls. Spina bifida occulta was
significantly more common among the constipated (78%) or the non-retentive



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