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Microsoft word - material safety data sheet.docMATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
This Document has been prepared to meet the requirements of the U.S. OSHA Hazard CommunicationStandard, 29 CFR 1910.1200; the EU Directive, 91/155/EEC and other regulatory requirements. Theinformation contained herein is for the concentrate as packaged, unless otherwise noted.
1. Company and Product Identification
methyl (± )cis-trans 3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2- dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate; IUPAC:3-phenoxybenzyl(1RS)-cis-trans-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERS:
(716)735-3765 (All Other Countries-reverse charges)
General Information: (800)321-1362
2. Composition/Information on Ingredients
3. Hazards Identification
Amber liquid with a faint, mild petroleum odor.
Moderately combustible. May support combustion if heated above the product’s flash point (47℃/118℉).
Thermal decomposition and burning may form toxic by-products.
For large exposures or fire, wear personal protective equipment.
Highly toxic to fish and aquatic organisms. Keep out of drains and water courses.
Potential Health Effects:
Effects from overexposure result form ingestion or coming into contact with the skin or eyes.
Symptoms of overexposure include increased hypersensitivity to touch and sound, tremors and convulsions. Contactwith permethrin may produce skin sensations such as numbing, burning or thingling. These skin sensations arereversible and usually subside within 12 hours.
Mdical conditions Aggravated by Exporuse: None presently known.
4. First Aid Measures
Flush with water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation occurs and persists, obtain medical attention.
Wash with plenty of soap and water. Get medical attention if irritation occurs and persists.
Remove to fresh air. If breathing difficulty or discomfort occurs and persists, obtain medical attention.
Rinse mouth with water. Dilute by giving 1 or 2 glasses of water. Do not induce vomiting. Nevergive anything by mouth to an unconscious person. See a medical doctor immediately.
Note to Medical Doctor: Dragnet FT has low oral, dermal and inhalation toxicity. It is minimally irritating to the eyes and
slightly irritating to the skin. The low oral toxicity of the product compared to the risk of pneumonitis formaspiration of Stoddard solvents suggests vomiting should not be induced. Consideration should be given togastric lavage with an endotrachcal tube in place. Activated charcoal and a cathartic are recommended andnervous stimulation should be controlled with a sedative, e.g. barbiturates. Reversible skin sensations(paresthesia) may occur and ordinary skin salves have been found useful in reducing discomfort. Treatment isotherwise controlled removal of exposure followed by symptomatic and supportive care.
5. Fire Fighting Measures
: 47℃ (118℉)
Extinguishing Media :
Foam, CO2 or dry chemical. Soft stream water fog only if necessary. Contain all runoff.
Degree of Fire/Explosion Hazard :
Moderately combustible. When heated above the flash point, this materialreleases vapors which when mixed with air, can burn or be explosive.
Special Fire Fighting Procedures :
Isolate fire area. Evacuate downwind. Wear full protective clothing andself-contained breathing apparatus. Do not breathe smoke, gases or vaporgenerated.
Hazardous Decomposition Products :
Chlorine, hydrogen chloride, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, andaldehydes.
6. Accidend Release Measures
Isolate and post spill area. Wear protective clothing and personal protective equipment as prescribed in Section 8, “Exposure Controls/Personal Protection”. Keep unprotected persons and animals out of the area.
Keep material out of streams and sewers. Dike to confine spill and absorb with an absorbent such as clay, sand or soil.
Vacuum, shovel or pump waste into a drum and label contents.
To clean and neutralize spill area, tools and equipment, wash with a suitable solution of caustic or soda ash and an appropriate alcohol (methanol, ethanol or isopropanol). Follow this by washing with a strong soap and water solution. Absorb, asabove, any excess liquid and add to the drums of waste already collected. Repeat if necessary. Dispose of drummedwaste according to the method outlined in Section 13, “Disposal Considerations”.
7. Handling and Storage
Store in a cool, dry well-ventilated place. Do not use or store near heat, open flame or hot surfaces. Store in originalcontainers only. Store at temperatures above 40℉(5℃). If crystal form, warm to room temperature 70℉ (21℃)by room heating only for 24-48 hours, and shake occasionally until crystals dissolve and product appears uniform. Do not useexternal sources of heat for warming container. Keep out of reach of children and animals. Do not contaminate otherpesticides, fertilizers, water, food or feed by storage or disposal.
8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Personal protective recommendations for mixing or applying this product are prescribed on the product label. Information stated below provides useful, additional guidance for individuals whose use or handling of this product is not guided by theproduct label.
: Use local exhaust at all process locations where vapor or mist may be emitted. Ventilate all transport
: Depending upon concentrations encountered, wear coveralls or long-sleeved uniform and head
covering. For larger exposures as in the case of spills, wear full body cover barrier sult, such as arubber rain suit. Leather items – such as shoes, belts and watchbands – that become contaminatedshould be removed and destroyed. Launder all work clothing before reuse(separately from householdlaundry).
: For splash, spray or mist exposure, wear chemical protective goggies or a face shield.
Respiratory Prot. : For splash, spray or mist exposure wear, as a minimum, a properly fitted half-face or full-face air-
purifying respirator which is approved for pesticides (U.S. NIOSH/MSHA, EU CEN or comparablecertification organization). Respirator use and selection must be based on airborne concentrations.
: Wear chemical protective gloves made of materials such as nitrile, neoprene or Viton＠brand.
Thoroughly wash the outside of gloves with soap and water prior to removal. Inspect regularly forleaks.
Personal Hygiene : Clean water should be available fore washing in case of eye or skin contamination. Wash skin prior
to cating, drinking or using tobacco. Shower at the end of the workday.
9. Physical/Chemical Properties
Solubility (H O)
Weight per Volume :
10. Stability and Reactivity
Hazardous Polymerization :
Conditions/Materials to Avoid (Incompatibility)
11. Toxicological Information
Rat Acute Oral
Rat Acute Inhalation :
Rabbit Acute Dermal :
Acute Effects From Overexposure : Dragnet FT has low oral, dermal and inhalation toxicity. It is minimally irritating to
the eyes and slightly irritating to the skin. Experience to date indicates that contact with permethrin has rarely producedskin sensations such as numbing, burning or tingling. These skin sensations are reversible and usually subside within12 hours. Large toxic doses of Dragnet Ft administered to laboratory animals have produced central nervous systemeffects with symptoms that include hypersensitivity to touch and sound, tremors, and clonic convulsions. Overexposureto animals via inhalation has also produced symptoms such as squinting eyes, irregular and rattling breathing and ataxia.
Inhalation of Stoddard solvent vapors may cause dizziness, disturbances in vision, drowsiness, respiratory irritation, andeye, skin and mucous membrane irritation. Vomiting after ingestion of this product may cause aspiration of stoddardsolvents into the lungs which may result in fatal pulmonary edema.
11. Toxicological Information (Cont’d)
Chronic Effects From Overexposure : No data available for Dragnet FT. In studies with laboratory animals, permethrin
did not cause reproductive toxicity or teratogenicity. Analysis of chronic feeding studies in both mice and rats withpermethrin resulted in the conclusion that permethrin’s potential for induction of oncogenicity in experimental animals islow and that the likelihood of oncogenic effects is humans is nonexistent or extremely low. Long term feeding studiesin animals resulted in increased liver and kidney weights, induction of the liver microsomal drug metabolizing enzymesystem, and histopathological changes in the lungs and liver. An overall absence of genotoxicity has been demonstratedin mutagenicity testing with permethrin. Chronic exposure to Stoddard solvents may cause headaches, dizziness, lossof sensations or feelings, and liver and kidney damage.
12. Environmental Information
Unless indicated, the information presented below is for the active ingredient, permethrin.
In soil, permethrin is stable over a wide range of pH values. When applied at agricultural use rates, permethrin has amoderate rate of degradation in soil. At termiticidal use rates, permethrin degrades at a slower rate which is governedby soil characteristics. Due to its high affinity ofr organic matter (Koc = 86,000), there is little potential for movementin soil or entry into ground water. Permethrin has a Log Pow of 6.1, but a low potential to bioconcentrate (BCF = 500)due to the case with which it is metalbolized.
Permethrin is highly toxic to fish (LC50 = 0.5 pg/L to 315 pg/L)and aquatic arthropods (LC50 = 0.02 pg/L to 7.6 pg/L).
Marine species are often more sensitive than the freshwater species. Bacteria, algae, mollusks and amphibians aremuch more tolerant of permethrin than the fish and arthropods. Care should be taken to avoid contamination of theaquatic environment. Permethrin is slightly toxic to birds and oral LD50 values are greater than 3600 mg/kg.
Longer dietary studies showed that concentrations of up to 500 ppm in the diet had no effect on bird reproduction.
13. Disposal Considerations
Open dumping or burning of this pesticide or its packaging is prohibited. If spilled material cannot be disposed of by use according to label instructions, an acceptable method of disposal is to incinerate in accordance with local, state andnational environmental laws, rules, standards and regulations. However, because acceptable methods of disposal mayvary by location, and regulatory requirements may change the appropriate regulatory agencies should be contacted priorto disposal.
Non-returnable containers which held this material should be cleaned, prior to disposal, by triple-rinsing. Containers which held this material may be cleaned by being triple-rinsed, and recycled, with the rinsate being incinerated. Do not out orweld metal containers. Vapors that form may create an explosion hazard.
14. Transportation Information
For highway and railroad shipment in the U.S.A.: Insecticides, NOI, other than Poison.
For air and water shipment, and also road and rail other than in the U.S.A.: Flammable liquids, n.o.s. (contains Stoddard solvent), 3, UN1993, III. ERG Guide 128.
MARPOL Desiguation: Severe Marine Pollutant (permethrin 36.8%) Insecticide, NOI, other than Poison. NMFC Item 102120. [email protected] FT.
15. Regulatory Information
U.S. CERCLA Reportable Quantity (RQ) (40CFR Table 302.4) : Not listed U.S. EPA Signal Word : CAUTIONU.S. SARA Title III Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances (40 CFR 355) The threshold planning quantity (TPQ) for thisproduct, if treated as a mixture, is 10,000 lb.
This product contains the followingingredients with a TPQ of less than 10,000 lb.:None.
This product contains the following ingredients subject to Section 313 reportingrequirements: permethrin (36.8%) Viton – E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. Trademark; Dragnet and FMC Logo – FMC Tradmarks
An Article from Commentary , July-August 2006 Of Pills and Profits: In Defense of Big Pharma Peter W. Huber The more our health depends on their little pills, the more we seem to hate big drug companies. In The Constant Gardener (2000), John le Carré assigns to the pharmaceutical industry the role played by the KGB in his earlier novels. A villainous pharmaceutical company is using Ke