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Journal Publications
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1. West, C.P., N.P. Martin, and G.C. Marten. 1980. Nitrogen and Rhizobium effects on establishment of legumes via strip tillage. Agron. J. 72:620-624. 2. Mallarino, A.P., W.F. Wedin, R.D. Voss, and C.P. West. 1983. The phosphorus requirements of alfalfa-smooth bromegrass-orchardgrass and reed canarygrass pastures under two grazing pressures. Agron. J. 75:291-294. 3. West, C.P., and W.F. Wedin. 1985. Dinitrogen fixation in alfalfa-orchardgrass pastures. Agron. J. 4. West, C.P., and K.W. Steele. 1985. White clover cultivar evaluation for the Waikato - Establishment phase. Proc. N. Z. Grassl. Assoc. 46:217-220. 5. West, C.P., and K.W. Steele. 1986. Differential tolerance of white clover cultivars to stem nematode [Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kuhn) Filipjev]. N.Z. J. Exper. Agric. 14:227-279. 6. West, C.P., E. Izekor, D.M. Oosterhuis, and R.T. Robbins. 1988. The effect of Acremonium coenophialum on the growth and nematode infestation of tall fescue. Plant Soil 112:3-6. 7. West, C.P., A.P. Mallarino, W.F. Wedin and D.B. Marx. 1989. Spatial variability of soil chemical properties in grazed pastures. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 53:784-789. 8. Goetsch, A.L., R.K. Fulton, G.E. Murphy, E.W. Grant, L.A. Forster, B.L. Goetsch, Z.B. Johnson, C.P. West, and E.L. Piper. 1989. Parasite treatments for crossbred beef steers grazing high- and low-endophyte tall fescue. Prof. Anim. Sci. 5:28-32. 9. West, C.P., D.M. Oosterhuis, and S.D. Wullschleger. 1990. Osmotic adjustment in tissues of tall fescue in response to water deficit. Environ. Exp. Bot. 30:149-156. 10. Walker, D.W., C.P. West, R.K. Bacon, D.E. Longer, and K.E. Turner. 1990. Changes in forage yield and composition of wheat and wheat-ryegrass mixtures with maturity. J. Dairy Sci. 73:1296-1303. 11. Mallarino, A.P., W.F. Wedin, R.S. Goyenola, C.H. Perdomo, and C.P. West. 1990. Legume species and proportion effects on dinitrogen fixation in legume-tall fescue associations. Agron. J. 82:785-789. 12. Mallarino, A.P., W.F. Wedin, C.H. Perdomo, R.S. Goyenola, and C.P. West. 1990. Nitrogen transfer from white clover, red clover, and birdsfoot trefoil to associated grass. Agron. J. 82:790-795. 13. Moubarak, A.S., E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1990. Interaction of ergot alkaloids with synaptosomal ATPase system. Medical Sci. Res. 18:709-710. 14. Beyrouty, C.A., C.P. West, and E.E. Gbur, Jr. 1990. Root development of bermudagrass and tall fescue as affected by cutting interval and growth regulator. Plant Soil 127:23-30. 15. Goetsch, A.L., L.A. Forster, Jr., G.E. Murphy, E.W. Grant, and C.P. West. 1990. Digestion and live weight gain by beef cattle consuming bermudagrass and supplemented with grain or different high-protein feedstuffs. Anim. Prod. 51:263-275. 16. Goetsch, A.L., G.E. Murphy, W.W. Grant, L.A. Forster, Jr., D.L. Gallaway, C.P. West, and Z.B. Johnson. 1991. Effects of animal and supplement characteristics on grazing live weight gain by growing cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 69:433-442. 18. Hubbell, D.S., A.L. Goetsch, K.F. Harrison, D.L. Galloway, Sr., L.A. Forster, Jr., F. Li., C.P. West, and K. Patal, and W. Sun. 1992. Live-weight gain by calves grazing cool-season annual grass in the spring and supplemented with grass hays. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 72:435-439. 19. West, C.P., E. Izekor, K.E. Turner, and A.A. Elmi. 1993. Endophyte effects on growth and persistence of tall fescue along a water supply gradient. Agron. J. 85:264-270. 20. Mahmood, T., R.C. Gergerich, E.A. Milus, C.P. West, and C.J. D'Arcy. 1993. Incidence of barley yellow dwarf viruses in wheat, endophyte-infected and endophyte-free tall fescue, and other hosts in Arkansas. Plant Disease 77:225-228. 21. Moubarak, A.S., E.L. Piper, C.P. West, and Z.B. Johnson. 1993. Interaction of purified ergovaline from endophyte-infected tall fescue with synaptosomal ATPase enzyme system. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41:407-409. 22. Moubarak, A.S., E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1993. Effects of ergotamine and ergonovine on the renal ATPase system in the rat. Med. Sci. Res. 21:289-290. 24. Turner, K.E., C.P. West, E.L. Piper, S.A. Mashburn, and A.S. Moubarak. 1993. Quality and ergovaline content of tall fescue silage as affected by harvest stage and addition of poultry litter and inoculum. J. Prod. Agric. 6:423-427. 25. Piper, E.L., and C.P. West. 1993. Role of endophytes in tall fescue. Proc. Ark. Acad. Sci.47:89-92. 26. Holder, T.L., C.P. West, K.E. Turner, M.E. McConnell, and E.L. Piper. 1994. Incidence and viability of Acremonium endophytes in tall fescue and meadow fescue plant introductions. Crop Sci. 34:252-254. 27. Chen, C., D.A. Sleper, and C.P. West. 1995. RFLP and cytogenetic analyses of hybrids between Festuca mairei and Lolium perenne. Crop Sci. 35:720-725. 28. Elmi, A.A., and C.P. West. 1995. Endophyte effects on tall fescue stomatal response, osmotic adjustment, and tiller survival. New Phytologist 131:61-67. 29. Patil, A.R., A.L. Goetsch, K.K. Park, B. Kouakou, D.L. Galloway, Sr., and C.P. West. 1995. Influences of grass source and quality on net flux of nutrients across splanchnic tissues of sheep. Livestock Production Science 43:49-61. 30. Ledgard, S.F., M.S. Sprosen, K.W. Steele, and C.P. West. 1995. Productivity of white clover cultivars under intensive grazing, as affected by high nitrogen fertiliser application. N. Z. J. Agric. Res. 38: 473-482. 31. Patil, A.R., A.L. Goetsch, K.K. Park, B. Kouakou, D.L. Galloway, Sr., C.P. West, and Z.B. Johnson. 1996. Influences of grass source and legume level on net flux of nutrients across splanchnic tissues in sheep. Small Ruminant Res. 22:111-122. 32. Elbersen, H.W., and C.P. West. 1996. Growth and water relations of field grown tall fescue as influenced by drought and endophyte. Grass and Forage Science 51:333-342. 33. Oliviera, J.A., D.A. Sleper, C.P. West, S.S. Boughrara, and J. Coutts. 1996. Efecto de dos cepas del hongo endofito Acremonium coenophialum sobre la respuesta al estrés hídrico en una población de festuca alta ‘Himag’. Revista Pastos 26:177-184. 34. Chen, C., D.A. Sleper, S. Chao, G.S. Johal, and C.P. West. 1997. RFLP detection of 2n pollen formation by meiotic first and second division restitution in Lolium perenne L. Crop Sci. 37:76-80. 35. Sanderson, M.A., C.P. West, K.J. Moore, J. Stroup, and J. Moravec. 1997. Comparison of morphological development indexes for switchgrass and bermudagrass. Crop Sci. 37:871-878. 36. Kouakou, B. A.L. Goetsch, A.R. Patil, D.L. Galloway, Sr., K.K. Park, and C.P. West. 1997. Visceral organ mass in wethers consuming low- to moderate-quality grasses. Small Ruminant Research 26:69-80. 37. Aiken, G.E., D.M. Ball, E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1998. Performance of steers fed a broiler litter- corn mixture on endophyte-infested and noninfested tall fescue. Prof. Anim. Scientist 14:51-55. 38. Sauer, T.J., T.C. Daniel, P.A. Moore, Jr., K.P. Coffey, D.J. Nichols, and C.P. West. 1999. Poultry litter and grazing animal waste effects on runoff water quality. J. Environ. Qual. 28:860-865. 39. Sauer, T.J., T.C. Daniel, D.J. Nichols, C.P. West, P.A. Moore, Jr., and G.L. Wheeler. 1999. Runoff water quality from poultry litter-treated pasture and forest sites. J. Environ. Qual. 29:515-521. 40. King, J.W., D. Lee, M.D. Richardson, T.L. Lavy, B. Skulman, M.L. Marlatt, and C.P. West. 2000. Allelopathy vs. Neotyphodium endophyte vs. competitive effects on crabgrass suppression by 12 perennial ryegrass cultivars. p. 363-382. J.M. Clark and M. P. Kenna (eds.) Amer. Chem. Soc. Symp. Series No. 743. 41. Elmi, A.A., C.P. West, R.T. Robbins, and T.L. Kirkpatrick. 2000. Endophyte effects on reproduction of a root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne marylandi) and osmotic adjustment in tall fescue. Grass Forage Sci. 55:166-172. 42. Coblentz, W.K., C.P. West, C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and K. Anschutz. 2001. Teaching concepts of forage nutritive value and estimation of energy in forages on a graduate level. NACTA J. 45(4):62-67. 43. Roberts, C.A., D.E. Spiers, A.L. Karr, H.R. Benedict, D.A. Sleper, P.A. Eichens, C.P. West, E.L. Piper, and G.E. Rottinghaus. 2002. Use of a rat model to evaluate tall fescue seed infected with introduced strains of Neotyphodium coenophialum. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50:5742-5745. 44. Sauer, T.J., P.A. Moore, Jr., J.M. Ham, W.L. Bland, J.H. Prueger, and C.P. West. 2002. Seasonal water balance of an Ozark hillslope. Agric. Waste Management 55:71-82. 45. Kallenbach, R.L., G.J. Bishop-Hurley, M.D. Massie, G.E. Rottinghaus, and C.P. West. 2003. Herbage mass, nutritive value, and ergovaline concentration of stockpiled tall fescue. Crop Sci. 43:1001-1005. 46. Self-Davis, M.L., P.A. Moore, T.C. Daniel, D.J. Nichols, T.J. Sauer, C.P. West, G.E. Aiken, and D.R. Edwards. 2003. Forage species and canopy cover effects on runoff from small plots. J. Soil Water Conservation 58: 349-358. 47. Nihsen, M.E., E.L. Piper, C.P. West, R.J. Crawford, T.M. Denard, Z.B. Johnson, C.A. Roberts, D.A. Spiers, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2004. Growth rate and physiology of steers grazing tall fescue inoculated with novel endophytes. J. Anim. Sci. 82:878-883. 48. Brye, K.R., C.P. West, and E.E. Gbur. 2004. Soil quality differences under native tallgrass prairie across a climosequence in Arkansas. Amer. Midland Naturalist 152:214-230. 49. Brye, K.R., and C.P. West. 2005. Grassland management effects on soil surface properties in the Ozark Highlands. Soil Science 170:63-73. 50. Savin, M.C., C.P. West, and L.C. Purcell. 2006. Establishing a faculty mentoring program in an applied science department. NACTA Journal 50:19-24. 51. Coblentz, W.K., K.P. Coffey, T.F. Smith, D.S. Hubbell, III, D.A. Scarbrough, J.B. Humphry, B.C. McGinley, J.E. Turner, J.A. Jennings, C.P. West, M.P. Popp, D.H. Hellwig, D.L. Kreider, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2006. Using orchardgrass and endophyte-free fescue versus endophyte-infected fescue overseeded on bermudagrass for cow herds: four-year summary of forage characteristics. Crop Sci. 46:1919-1928. 52. Norman, R.C. W.K. Coblentz, D.S. Hubbell, III, R.K. Ogden, K.P. Coffey, R.T. Rhein, C.P. West, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2007. Effects of bale diameter, storage location, and sampling depth on the nutritive value, ruminal in situ disappearance kinetics of dry matter, and concentrations of ergovaline within endophyte-infected tall fescue hay packaged in large round bales. Crop Sci. 47:1635-1646. 53. Coblentz, W.K, K.P. Coffey, T.F. Smith, D.S. Hubbell, III, D.A. Scarbrough, J.B. Humphry, B.C. McGinley, J.E. Turner, J.A. Jennings, C.P. West, M.P. Popp, D.H. Hellwig, D.L. Kreider, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2007. Using orchardgrass and endophyte-free fescue versus endophyte-infected fescue overseeded on bermudagrass for cow herds: four-year summary of cow-calf performance. Crop Sci. 47:1929-1938. 54. Casler, M.D., K.P. Vogel, C.M. Taliaferro, N.J. Ehlke, J.D. Berdahl, E.C. Brummer, R.L. Kallenbach, C.P. West, and R.B. Mitchell. 2007. Latitudinal and longitudinal adaptation of switchgrass populations. Crop Sci. 47:2249-2260. 55. Flores, R., W.K. Coblentz, R.K. Ogden, K.P. Coffey, M.L. Looper, C.P. West, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2007. Effects of fescue type, sampling date, and strip-grazing on the nutritive value and in situ ruminal disappearance kinetics of DM and NDF for autumn-stockpiled tall fescue forages. J. Dairy Sci. 90:2883-2896. 56. Flores, R., W.K. Coblentz, R.K. Ogden, K.P. Coffey, M.L. Looper, C.P. West, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2008. Effects of fescue type and sampling date on the N disappearance kinetics of autumn-stockpiled tall fescue. J. Dairy Sci. 91:1597-1606. 57. Beck, P.A., S.A. Gunter, K.S. Lusby, C.P. West, K.B. Watkins, and D.S. Hubbell, III. 2008. Animal performance and economic comparison of novel- and toxic-endophyte tall fescue to cool-season annuals. J. Anim. Sci. 86:2043-2055. 58. Ashworth, A., C.P. West, M.P. Popp, M. Montrejaud-Vignole, C. Sablayrolles, and B. Gabrielle. 2008. Life cycle analysis for the cultivation and combustion of miscanthus for biofuel compared with natural gas. Discovery 9(Fall):3-9. 59. Popp, M., D. Doye and C. West. 2008. Controlled vs continuous calving seasons in the South: What’s at stake? J. Farm Managers Rural Appraisers 90:60-73. 60. Gonzalo-Turpin, H., P. Barre, A. Gibert, A. Grisard, C.P. West, and L. Hazard. 2009. Co-occurring patterns of endophyte infection and genetic structure in an alpine grass, Festuca eskia: implications for sourcing seed for ecological restoration. Conservation Genetics DOI 10.1007/s10592-009-9927-8. 61. Ravindranath, S.V., N. Uppugundla, J. Lay, E. Clausen, M. Wilkins, R. Ingraham, C.P. West, Y. Wu, and D.J. Carrier. 2009. Policosanol, tocopherol and moisture content as a function of timing of harvest of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). J. Agric. Food Chem. 57:3500-3505. 62. Sauer, T.J., S.R. Compston, C.P. West, G. Hernandez-Ramirez, E.E. Gbur, and T.B. Parkin. 2009. Nitrous oxide emissions from a bermudagrass pasture: Interseeded winter rye and poultry litter. Soil Biol. Biochem. 41:1417-1424. 63. West, C.P., M.R. Norton, F. Volaire, A.A. Hopkins, D.P. Malinowski. 2009. First International Workshop on Summer Dormancy in Grasses: Coping with increasing aridity and heat under climate change. Summary and future directions. Crop Sci. 49:2326-2327. 64. Daigh, A.L., K.R. Brye, A.N. Sharpley, D.M. Miller, C.P. West, and V.J. Brahana. 2009. Five-year change in soil profile chemical properties as affected by broiler litter application rate. Soil Science 174:531-542. 65. Burner, D.M., C.P. West. 2010. Improving tall fescue shade tolerance: Identifying candidate genotypes. Agric. Systems DOI: 10.1007/s10457-009-9274-2. 66. Hirsch, R.L., D.O. Tebeest, C.P. West, B.H. Bluhm. 2010. First report of rust caused by Puccinia emaculata on switchgrass in Arkansas. Plant Disease 94:381. 67. Brion, G., K. Brye, B. Haggard, V. Brahana, and C. West. 2010. Land-use effects on water quality of a first-order stream in the Ozark Highlands, mid-southern United States. River Research and Applications. DOI: 10.1002/rra.1394. 68. Brye, K.R., A.L. Daigh, B.C. Menjoulet, M.L. Pirani, and C.P. West. 2010. Trends in dry matter yield following differential broiler litter application from a soil enriched with organic matter and phosphorus. Online. Forage and Grazinglands doi:10.1094/FG-2010-0407-01-RS. 69. Martin, E.M., S.L. Cousins, S.R. Talley, C.P. West, E.C. Clausen, and D.J. Carrier. 2011. The effect of pre-soaking coupled to pretreatment on the extraction of hemicellulosic sugars and flavonoids from switchgrass (Panicum virgatum var. Alamo) leaves and stems. Trans. Am. Soc. Agric. Biol. Eng. 54(5): 1953-1957. 70. Caldwell, J.D. K.P. Coffey, J.A. Jennings, D. Philipp, A.N. Young, J.D. Tucker, D.S. Hubbell, III, T. Hess, M.L. Looper, C.P. West, M.C. Savin, M.P. Popp, D.L. Kreider, D.M. Hallford, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2012. Performance by spring and fall-calving cows grazing with full access, limited access, or no access to Neotyphodium coenophialum-infected fescue. J. Anim. Sci. (In press). Books and Book Chapters
1. West, C.P., and K.D. Gwinn. 1993. Role of Acremonium in drought, pest, and disease tolerances of grasses. p. 131-140. In D.E. Hume, G.C.M. Latch, and H.S. Easton (ed.) Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Acremonium/Grass Interactions: Plenary papers. AgResearch, Grassl. Res. Centre. Palmerston North, New Zealand. 2. West, C.P. 1994. Endophyte-infected grass physiology and drought tolerance. p. 87-99. In C.W. Bacon and J.F. White, Jr. (ed.) Biotechnology of endophytic fungi of grasses. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL. 3. Kephart, K.D., C.P. West, and D.A. Wedin. 1995. Grassland ecology and improvement. p. 141-153. In R.F Barnes et al. (ed.) Forages Volume I: An introduction to grassland agriculture. 5th edition. Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames, IA. 4. Sleper, D.A., and C.P. West. 1996. Tall fescue. p. 471-502. In L.E. Moser, D.R.Buxton, and M.D. Casler (ed.) Cool season forage grasses. Agron. Monogr. 34. ASA, Madison, WI. 5. West, C.P., and A.P. Mallarino. 1996. Nitrogen transfer from legumes to grasses. p. 167-175. In R.E. Joost and C.A. Roberts (ed.) Nutrient cycling in forage systems. Potash and Phosphate Institute, Norcross, GA. 6. West, C.P., E.L. Piper, M.L. Marlatt, M.E. McConnell, and T.J. Kring. 1998. Novel endophyte techniques: Selecting the fungus. p. 105-115. In C.E. Brummel and N.S. Hill (ed.) Molecular and cellular techniques in forage improvement. Crop Sci. Soc. Amer., Madison, WI. 7. West, C.P. 1998. Grass endophytes. p. 161-163. In J. Weil (ed.) McGraw-Hill yearbook of science and technology 1999. McGraw-Hill, New York. 8. West, C.P., and C.J. Nelson. 2003. Naturalized grassland ecosystems and their management. p. 315- 337. In R. F Barnes et al. (ed.) Forages: An introduction to grassland agriculture. Vol. I. 6th edition. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA. 9. West, C.P., and J.C. Waller. 2007. Forage systems for humid transition areas. p. 313-321. In R.F Barnes et al. (ed.) Forages: The science of grassland agriculture Vol. II. 6th edition. Blackwell Publishing, Ames, IA. 10. West, C.P. 2007. Plant influences on endophyte expression. p. 117-121. In A.J. Popay and E.R. Thom (ed.) Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Endophyte-Grass Interactions. Grassland Research and Practice Series no. 13, NZ Grassland Association, Christchurch, NZ. 11. Sharpley, A.N., and C. West. 2008. Pressures on beef grazing in mixed production farming. p.187- 208. In R.W. McDowell (ed.) Environmental impacts of pasture-based farming. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. 12. Sheaffer, C.C., L.E. Sollenberger, M.H. Hall, C.P. West, and D.P. Hannaway. 2009. Grazinglands, forages, and livestock in humid regions. p. 95-119. In W.F. Wedin and S.L. Fales (ed.) Grassland: Quietness and strength for a new American agriculture. ASA, CSSA, SSSA, Madison, WI. 13. Belesky, D.P., and C.P. West. 2009. Abiotic stresses and endophyte effects. p. 49-64. In H.A. Fribourg et al. (ed.) Tall fescue for the 21st century. Agron. Monogr. 53. ASA, CSSA, SSSA. Madison, WI. Also available at http://forages.oregonstate.edu/tallfescuemonograph/. 14. Hannaway, D.B., C. Daly, M. Halbleib, D. James, C.P. West, et al. 2009. Development of suitability maps with examples for the United States and China. p. 33-47. In H.A. Fribourg et al. (ed.) Tall fescue for the twenty-first century. Agron. Monogr. 53. ASA, CSSA, SSSA. Madison, WI. Also available at http://forages.oregonstate.edu/tallfescuemonograph/. 15. Fribourg, H.A., D.B. Hannaway, and C.P. West. 2009. Accomplishments and challenges. p. 511-515. In H.A. Fribourg et al. (ed.) Tall fescue for the twenty-first century. Agron. Monogr. 53. ASA, CSSA, SSSA. Madison, WI. Also available at http://forages.oregonstate.edu/ tallfescuemonograph/. Editorship
1. West, C.P. (ed.) 1989. Proceedings of Arkansas Fescue Toxicosis Conference, July 10 1989, Booneville, AR. Ark. Agric. Exp. Stn. Special Report 140. 58 pp. 2. Roberts, C.A., C.P. West, and D.E. Spiers (eds.) 2005. Neotyphodium in Cool-Season Grasses. Blackwell Publishing Professional. Ames, IA. 400 pp. 3. Fribourg, H.A., D.B. Hannaway, and C.P. West (eds.). 2009. Tall fescue for the twenty-first century. Agron. Monogr. 53. ASA, CSSA, SSSA. Madison, WI. Also available at http://forages.oregonstate.edu/tallfescuemonograph/ Arkansas Experiment Station Publications
1. Hamilton, Laurie Ann. 1983. Management of summer grazed alfalfa. M.S.
Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 2. Perera, Nimal. 1984. Yield, chemical composition, digestibility, and palatability of
orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) fertilized with different levels of nitrogen and sulfur. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 3. Buttrey, Sherri Ann. 1985. Effects of sulfur on yield and chemical composition of corn
forage and utilization of corn silage by sheep. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 4. Terrill, Thomas Howard. 1985. Effects of soil moisture and al-nitrilotriacetate on yield,
chemical composition, and digestibility of ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) by meadow voles. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 5. Cochran, Michele A. 1988. Effect of land application of fluidized-bed combustion residue on
soil and plant characteristics of reclaimed surface-mined pastures, performance, and mineral status of grazing steers and nutrient balance by sheep fed the forage. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 6. Absher, Karen Lynne. 1989. Nutrient utilization in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea
Schreb.) pastures fertilized with nitrogen or grown with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) or red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 7. Ahmad, Muhammad Rashid. 1991. Nutrient composition of ensiled alfalfa and corn forages
grown in Virginia. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 8. Morris, Jennifer Lane. 1993. Use of herbicides, tillage, and grazing cattle for establishment
of corn in rotation with alfalfa and rye. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 9. Mundy, Victoria. 1993. Management and nutritional quality of tall fescue and alfalfa grown
in combination, compared to tall fescue fertilized with nitrogen. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 10. Crozier, Jennifer Anderson. 1994. Digestibility and apparent mineral utilization by Arabian
geldings fed alfalfa, tall fescue, and caucasian bluestem. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 11. Fike, John Hershel. 1995. Influence of seaweed extract and other plant growth regulators on
growth, persistence, and quality of tall fescue and their potential to alleviate tall fescue toxicity to livestock. M.S. Thesis. Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 12. Missaoui, Ali. 1998. Influence of nitrogen and biological stimulants on growth, nutrition
value, and salt stress tolerance on Matua and Gala bromegrasses. M.S. Thesis. Department of Plant and Soil Science. Texas Tech University. Aug. 13. Jack, Kelly. 1999. Development of buffalograss with improved forage quality and
yield. M.S. Thesis. Department of Plant and Soil Science. Texas Tech University. May. (Co-Chair with Dr. Auld) 14. Messer, David B. 2003. The effects of TASCO (Ascophyllum) on health and meat
characteristics. M.S. Thesis. Department of Animal Science. Texas Tech University. May (Co-Chair with Dr. Pond) 15. Cradduck, Will C. 2001. Effect of supplementing steers with seaweed extract or Vitamin E
on antioxidant levels in the animal and shelf life of the meat. M.S. Thesis. Department of Animal Science. Texas Tech University. 16. Collins, J. 2003. Agricultural phosphorus in an integrated crop/livestock system in the Texas
High Plains. M.S. Thesis. Department of Plant and Soil Science. Texas Tech University. 17. Jones, Kelly. 2003. Attitudinal Variability Among Southern High Plains Cotton Producers
Toward Integrated Crop/Livestock Systems. M.S. Thesis. Department of Agricultural Education and Communications. Texas Tech University. Arkansas Extension Publications
1. West, C.P. 1996. Soil resources and soil fertility. Arkansas Grazing Manual. p. 6-12. Ark. Coop. Ext. 2. West, C.P. 1996. Plant growth and forage quality. Arkansas Grazing Manual. p. 13-19. Ark. Coop. 3. West, C.P. 1997. Soil resources, BMPs and environmental concerns. Arkansas Grazing Manual. p. 14-19. Ark. Coop. Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. 4. West, C.P. 1997. Plant growth, forage quality and species management. Arkansas Grazing Manual. p. 20-26. Ark. Coop. Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. 5. West, C.P. 1998. Soil resources, BMPs and environmental concerns. Arkansas Grazing Manual. p. 24-29. Ark. Coop. Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. 6. West, C.P. 1998. Plant growth, forage quality and species management. Arkansas Grazing Manual. p. 30-37. Ark. Coop. Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. 7. West, C.P. 1999. Soil resources, BMPs and environmental concerns. Arkansas Grazing Manual. p. 23-28. Ark. Coop. Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. 8. West, C.P., and J.A. Jennings. 1999. Plant growth, forage quality and species management. Arkansas Grazing Manual. p. 39-36. Ark. Coop. Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. 9. Parish, J.A., C.P. West, J.A. Jennings, and S.M. Jones. 2003. [email protected] endophyte-infected tall fescue for livestock production. FSA2140-PD-7-03N. Ark. Coop. Extension Service, Little Rock. 10. King-Brister, S., M. Popp and C. West. 2003. Beef Cow-calf Production Budgets for Arkansas, 2002. University of Arkansas, Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. http://www.aragriculture.org/livestock/budgets/Cattle/Cow_Calf_Budget_2002.pdf 11. King-Brister, S., M. Popp, C. West and K. Coffey. 2003. Feeder Cattle Production Budgets for Arkansas, 2002. University of Arkansas, Cooperative Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. http://www.aragriculture.org/livestock/budgets/Feeder/Feeder_Extension.pdf 12. Jennings, J.A., C.P. West, and S.M. Jones. 2005. “Friendly” endophyte-infected tall fescue for livestock production. FSA2140-PD-5-06RV. Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR. 13. West, C.P. 2009. Establishing and maintaining perennial energy crops: Emphasis on switchgrass. Transition to a Bioeconomy: The role of extension in energy. Farm Foundation Inc., Oak Brook, IL. Farm Foundation Conference, 30 June-1 July, Little Rock. 14. Sharpley, A.N., M. Daniels, K. Vandevender, and P.A. Moore Jr., B. Haggard, N. Slaton, and C.P. West. 2010. Using the 2010 Arkansas Phosphorus Index. MP487-PD-10-10RV. Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR. Proceedings of International and National Conferences
1. West, C.P., K.W. Steele, and E.A. Halligan. 1985. Competition effects on nitrogen fixation and mineral N uptake in Trifolium repens L. - Lolium perenne L. associations. p. 457-459. Proc. XV Int. Grassl. Cong., Kyoto, Japan. 2. Wedin, W.F., A.P. Mallarino, M.S. Gregory, C.P. West, and R.D. Voss. 1985. Varying phosphorus fertilization with pasture type and longevity. p. 486-488. Proc. XV Int. Grassl. Cong. Kyoto, Japan. 3. West, C.P. and S.A. Abdullah. 1987. Nitrogen contribution of legumes in tall fescue and ber- mudagrass swards. p. 191-194. Proc. Forage and Grassland Conference, Springfield, IL. American Forage and Grassland Council. 4. Walker, D.W., C.P. West, D.E. Longer, and R.K. Bacon. 1987. Predicting morphological and nutritive changes in wheat using growing-degree days. p. 62-66. Proc. Forage and Grassland Con-ference, Springfield, IL. American Forage and Grassland Council. 5. Huneycutt, H.J., A.E. Spooner, and C.P. West. 1987. Boron needs for forage crops. Boron Workshop. 6. Costello, J., H.D. Scott, O.J. Loewer, C.P. West, and L. Parsch. 1988. Incorporation of water-balance logic into a selective grazing model. Paper #88-4064 presented at Amer. Soc. Agric. Eng. Meeting, Rapid City, SD, June 26-29. 7. West, C.P., E. Izekor, and A. Elmi. 1989. Effect of Acremonium endophyte on tall fescue stand density and yield in relation to water supply. p. 180-184. Proc. Forage and Grassland Conf., Guelph, Ont. American Forage and Grassland Council. 8. West, C.P., C.A. Beyrouty, and E.E. Gbur. 1989. Responses of root and shoot growth of Cynodon dactylon to cutting frequency and growth regulator. p. 529-530. Proc. XVI Int. Grassl. Cong. Nice, France. 4-11 Oct., 1989. 9. Loewer, O.J., C.P. West, H.D. Scott, and L.D. Parsch. 1989. Modeling plant species competition in conjunction with selective grazing. p. 1347-1348. Proc. XVI Int. Grassl. Cong. Nice, France. 4-11 Oct., 1989. 10. West, C.P. 1990. A proposed growth stage system for bermudagrass. p. 38-42. Proc. Forage and Grassland Conf., Blacksburg, VA. American Forage and Grassland Council. 11. Turner, K.E., C.P. West, A. Moubarak, and E.L. Piper. 1990. Inoculation effects on chemical changes in tall fescue-poultry litter silages. p. 95-99. Proc. Forage and Grassland Conf., Blacksburg, VA. American Forage and Grassland Council. 12. Elmi, A.A., C.P. West, K.E. Turner, and D.M. Oosterhuis. 1990. Acremonium coenophialum effects on tall fescue water relations. p. 137-140. Proc. Int. Symp. Acremonium/Grass Interactions. New Orleans. 13. West C.P., E. Izekor, R.T. Robbins, R. Gergerich, and T. Mahmood. 1990. Acremonium coenophia- lum effects on infestations of barley yellow dwarf virus and soil-borne nematodes and insects in tall fescue. p. 196-198. Proc. Int. Symp. Acremonium/Grass Interactions. New Orleans. 14. Turner, K.E., C.P. West, A. Moubarak, and E.L. Piper. 1990. Storage duration and drying method effects on ergovaline concentration in endophyte-infected tall fescue. p. 104-106. Proc. Int. Symp. Acremonium/Grass Interactions. New Orleans. 15. Moubarak, A.S., E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1990. Effect of ergopeptine alkaloids on synaptosomal ATPase system. p. 89-92. Proc. Int. Symp. Acremonium/Grass Interactions. New Orleans. 16. Turner, K.E., C.P. West, A. Moubarak, and E.L. Piper. 1991. Growth stage effects on nutritional characteristics and ergovaline recovery in tall fescue silage. p. 110-113. Proc. Forage and Grassland Conf. Columbia, MO. American Forage and Grassland Council. 17. West, C.P., T.L. Holder, K.E. Turner, M.E. McConnell, and E.L. Piper. 1993. Endophyte infection status of Festuca germplasm. p. 222-224. Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. Acremonium/Grass Interactions. 4-6 Feb., Palmerston North, New Zealand. 18. Loewer, O.J., L.D. Parsch, H.D. Scott, C.P. West, and A.L. Goetsch. 1993. GRAZE model: Importance of simulating conceptual grazing areas within a paddock. p. 774-776. Proc. XVII Int. Grassl. Cong. 8-21 Feb., Palmerston North, New Zealand. 19. Aiken, G.E., D.M. Ball, E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1997. Performance of steers fed a broiler litter-corn mixture on endophyte-infected and non-infected tall fescue. p. 202-206. Proc. Amer. Forage Conf. Fort Worth, TX. Amer. Forage Grassl. Council. 20. Buck, G.W., C.P. West, and H.W. Elbersen. 1997. Endophyte effect on drought tolerance in diverse Festuca species. p. 141-143. In C.W. Bacon and N.S. Hill (eds.) Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. Plenum Press, New York. 21. Elbersen, H.W., and C.P. West. 1997. Endophyte effects on growth and water relations of tall fescue. p. 161-163. In C.W. Bacon and N.S. Hill (eds.) Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. Plenum Press, New York. 22. Marlatt, M.L., C.P. West, M.E. McConnell, D.A. Sleper, G.W. Buck, J.C. Correll, and S. Saidi. 1997. Investigations on xeriphytic Festuca spp. from Morocco and their associated endophytes. p. 73-75. In C.W. Bacon and N.S. Hill (eds.) Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. Plenum Press, New York. 23. Sauer, T.J., T.C. Daniel, P.A. Moore, K.P. Coffey, D.J. Nichols, and C.P. West. 1998. Nutrient runoff from tall fescue plots treated with poultry litter and dairy animal waste. In Animal production systems and the environment, International Conference. p. 507-512, Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA. 24. Sauer, T.J., J. Van Brahana, T.M. Kresse, P.A. Moore, Jr., S.D. Logsdon, K.P. Coffey, T.C. Daniel, C.V. Maxwell, and C.P. West. 1998. Using landscape position and soil information to optimize manure application. Manure management in harmony with the environment. Soil Water Cons. Soc. Feb. 10-12, Ames, Iowa. 25. Sauer, T.J., P.A. Moore, Jr., J.M. Ham, W.L. Bland, J.H. Prueger, and C.P. West. 2000. Seasonal variation in the energy and water balances of an Ozark grassland. p. 14-15. Proc. 24th Conf. on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. Aug. 14-18, Davis, CA. 26. Hopkins, A.A., and C.P. West. 2000. Persistence, grazing tolerance, and fall recovery of cool season perennial grass accessions grown in the southern Great Plains. p. 4-7. In A.A. Hopkins (ed.) Grass Breeders Work Planning Conference, 36th, Ardmore, OK. May 23-24, 2000. Noble Foundation, Inc., Ardmore, OK. 27. Compston, S.R., C.P. West, T.J. Sauer, and T.B. Parkin. 2001. Nitrous oxide emissions from poultry litter-amended bermudagrass pasture. Proc. American Forage Conference 10:126-130. Amer. Forage Grassl. Council. 28. Hayward, J.R., C.P. West, and C.A. Beyrouty. 2001. Effects of novel endophytes on root elongation of tall fescue seedlings. Proc. American Forage Conference 10:136-139. Amer. Forage Grassl. Council. 29. Roberts, C.A., D.A. Spiers, A.L. Karr, C.P. West, D.A. Sleper, and H.R. Benedict. 2001. Response of rats fed tall fescue with beneficial and toxic strains of Neotyphodium. Proc. American Forage Conference 10:57. Amer. Forage Grassl. Council. 30. West, C.P., E.L. Piper, M.E. Nihsen, S.A. Gunter, K.A. Cassida, D.A. Spiers, C.A. Roberts, and R.C. Crawford. 2001. Performance of cattle on ‘HiMag’ tall fescue infected with novel endophytes. Proc. American Forage Conference 10:71. Amer. For. Grassl. Council. 31. Kallenbach, R.L., G.J. Bishop-Hurley, G.E. Rottinghaus, M.D. Massie, and C.P. West. 2002. Yield, quality, and toxicity of stockpiled tall fescue. Proc. American Forage Conference 11:242-246. Amer. Forage Grassl. Council. 32. Carson, R.D., C.P. West, B. de los Reyes, S. Rajguru, and C.A. Guerber. 2004. Endophyte effects on dehydrin protein expression and membrane leakage in tall fescue. In R.L. Kallenbach, C.F. Rosen-krans, Jr., and T.R. Lock (eds.). Paper # 202. Abstracts and Proc. of 5th International Symposium on Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. 33. Secks, M.E., M.D. Richardson, C.P. West, and J.B. Murphy. 2004. Carbohydrate profiles of Neotyphodium coenophialum. In R.L. Kallenbach, C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and T.R. Lock (eds.). Paper #214. Abstracts and Proc. of 5th International Symposium on Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. 34. Secks, M.E., M.D. Richardson, and C.P. West. 2004. Field performance of novel endophyte/tall fescue combinations under water deficit. In R.L. Kallenbach, C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and T.R. Lock (eds.). Paper # 405. Abstracts and Proc. of 5th International Symposium on Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. 35. Coblentz, W.K., K.P. Coffey, D.A. Scarbrough, T.F. Smith, K.F. Harrison, J.B. Humphry, B.C. McGinley, D.S. Hubbell III, J.E. Turner, and C.P. West. 2004. Using orchardgrass and endophyte-free fescue versus endophyte-infected fescue overseeded on bermudagrass for cow herds: Four-year summary. In R.L. Kallenbach, C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and T.R. Lock (eds.). Paper # 414. Abstracts and Proc. of 5th International Symposium on Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. 36. Gunter, S.A., P.A. Beck, K.S. Lusby, C.P. West, and D.S. Hubbell III. 2004. Comparison of three tall fescues containing novel endophytes for stocker cattle weight gain. In R.L. Kallenbach, C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and T.R. Lock (eds.). Paper #418. Abstracts and Proc. of 5th International Symposium on Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. 37. Jennings, J.A., C.P. West, A.S. Moubarak, C.R. Rosenkrans, Jr., D.E. Kratz, M.S. Gadberry, and T.R. Troxel. 2004. Endophyte status of stockpiled fescue demonstrations in Arkansas. In R.L. Kallenbach, C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and T.R. Lock (eds.). Paper # 516. Abstracts and Proc. of 5th International Symposium on Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. 38. West, C.P., and S.A. Gunter. 2004. Persistence of HiMag tall fescue inoculated with nontoxic endophytes. In R.L. Kallenbach, C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and T.R. Lock (eds.). Paper #518. Abstracts and Proc. 5th International Symposium on Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions. 39. West, C.P, R.D. Carson, C.A. Guerber, and B. de los Reyes. 2005. Endophyte effects on antioxidants and membrane leakage in tall fescue during drought. p. 217. In M. Humphreys (ed.) Proc. 4th Conference on Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands. 40. Guerber, C.A., C.P. West, R.D. Carson and A.M. Havely. 2007. Dehydrin expression in drought- stressed tall fescue. p. 225-227. In A.J. Popay and E.R. Thom (ed.) Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Endophyte-Grass Interactions. Grassland Research and Practice Series no. 13, NZ Grassland Association, Christchurch, NZ. 41. West, C.P., F. Volaire, and F. Lelievre. 2007. Tiller survival after drought of 'Grasslands Flecha' tall fescue as influenced by endophyte. p. 267-269. In A.J. Popay and E.R. Thom (ed.) Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Endophyte-Grass Interactions. Grassland Research and Practice Series no. 13, NZ Grassland Association, Christchurch, NZ. 42. Schardl, C.L., K.D. Craven, K.K. Schwer, W. Hollin, S.L. Clement, J. Schmid, C.P. West, and T.D. Phillips. 2007. Endophytes of the tall fescue ploidy series in Europe, North Africa and the Mediterra-nean. p. 456. In A.J. Popay and E.R. Thom (ed.) Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Endophyte-Grass Interactions. Grassland Research and Practice Series no. 13, NZ Grassland Association, Christchurch, NZ. 43. Panka, D., C.P. West, C.A. Guerber, and M.D. Richardson. 2008. Susceptibility of endophyte- infected tall fescue to Rhizoctonia zeae infection. 9th International Congress of Plant Pathology, 24-29 August, Torino, Italy. 44. Sharpley, A., S. Herron, C. West, and T. Daniel. 2008. Outcomes of phosphorus-based nutrient management in the Eucha-Spavinaw watershed. Proc. Conf. Water Quality Conservation and Grasslands. Soil and Water Conservation Society, Ankeny, IA. Refereed. 45. Blazier, M.A., H.O. Liechty, M.H. Pelkki, P.A. Tappe, C.P. West. 2008. Agroforest management systems can produce biofuel feedstocks and improve key environmental services on retired agricultural lands in the Western Gulf Region. In R, Zalesny, R. Mitchell, J. Richardson (ed.) Biofuels, bioenergy, and bioproducts from sustainable agricultural and forest crops: Proc. Short Rotation Crops International Conf. p. 19-21, 2008 August, Bloomington, MN. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-31. Newtown Square, PA: USDA., Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 6. 46. Guerber, C.A., J.L. Underwood, C.P. West, D.P. Malinowski, and B.C. Grigg. 2009. Biochemical responses to water deficit in summer dormant and summer active tall fescue. Proc. Int. Workshop on Summer Dormancy in Grasses. 6-8 April, Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK. 47. Underwood, J.L., C.P. West, D.P. Malinowski, C.A. Guerber, and B.C. Grigg. 2009. Summer dormancy and survival of tall fescue in relation to endophyte presence. Proc. Int. Workshop on Summer Dormancy in Grasses. 6-8 April, Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK. 48. West, C.P., J.L. Underwood, D.P. Malinowski, C.A. Guerber, and B.C. Grigg. 2009. Dormancy indices, growth stages, and forage quality of summer dormant and summer active tall fescue. Proc. Int. Workshop on Summer Dormancy in Grasses. 6-8 April, Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK. 49. Burner, D.M., and C.P. West. 2009. Improving tall fescue shade tolerance: Identifying candidate genotypes. p. 307-317. In M.A. Gold and M.M. Hall (ed.) Agroforestry comes of age: Putting science into practice. Proc. 11th N. Am. Agroforestry Conf., Columbia, MO. 31 May-3 June, 2009. 50. Caldwell, J., K. Coffey, C.P. West, D. Philipp, J. Jennings, D. Hubbell, III, J. Tucker, A. Young, T. Hess, D. Kreider, M. Looper, M. Popp, M. Savin, E. Kegley, and C. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2010. Use of novel endophyte fescue for cows. Proc. Am. Forage Grassl. Council. 21-23 June. 51. Fribourg, H.A., D.B. Hannaway, and C.P. West. 2010. The science and uses of tall fescue: Interactions among Grasses, Fungi, Grazers, and Humans. Proc. Am. Forage Grassl. Council. 21-23 June. 52. Malinowski, D.P., C.P. West, and D.P. Belesky. 2010. The role of endophytes in summer-dormant tall fescue. Proc. 7th Int. Symp. Fungal Endophytes of Grasses [CD-ROM]. 27 June-1 July, Lexington, KY. 53. Coffey, K., J. Caldwell, J. Jennings, D. Philipp, A. Young, J. Tucker, D. Hubbell, III, T. Hess, M. Looper, C. West, M. Savin, M. Popp, D. Kreider, and C. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2011. Performance by spring and fall-calving cows grazing with full access, limited access, or no access to toxic, wild-type endophyte-infected tall fescue – 3-year summary. Proc. Am. For. Grassl. Council. 12-15 June, French Lick, IN. 54. Coffey, K., J. Caldwell, J. Jennings, D. Philipp, A. Young, J. Tucker, D. Hubbell, III, C. West, M. Savin, M. Popp, and C. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2011. Forage quality, ergot alkaloid concentrations, and species composition from toxic wild-type and non-toxic, novel endophyte infected tall fescue pastures grazed by cow-calf pairs. Proc. Am. For. Grassl. Council. 12-15 June, French Lick, IN. 55. Jennings, J.A., K.J. Simon, K.P. Coffey, P.A. Beck, C.P. West, M.L. Looper, and D.S. Hubbell, III. 2012. Extension’s response to the fescue endophyte problem. Proc. Am. For. Grassl. Council. 9-11 January, Louisville, KY. Proceedings of Regional and State Conferences
1. West, C.P. 1987. Endophyte effect on drought tolerance. p. 21. Proc. Tall Fescue Toxicosis Workshop. Southern Regional Information Exchange Group 37. Nov. 17-18. Memphis, TN. 2. Phillips, J.M., C.P. West, and H.J. Huneycutt. 1988. Fertilizing pastures for maximum cow-calf production in the Ark-La-Tex. Proc. Five-States Livestock For. Conf. p. 48-61. Shreveport, LA. 3. West, C.P. 1988. Water relations of endophyte-infected tall fescue. p. 22. Proc. Tall Fescue Endophyte Meeting. SRIEG-37. 24-25 Oct. Atlanta, GA. 4. West, C.P. 1989. The risks and benefits of endophyte-free tall fescue. In E. M. Williams (ed.) Current Topics on Beef Cattle Research in Arkansas. p. 25-28. Ark. Agric. Exp. Sta. Special Report 137. 5. West, C.P., E. Izekor, A. Elmi, R.T. Robbins and K.E. Turner. 1989. Endophyte effects on drought tolerance, nematode infestation and persistence of tall fescue. In C.P. West (ed.) Proc. Arkansas Fescue Toxicosis Conference. p. 23-27. Ark. Agric. Exp. Sta. Special Report 140. 6. Moubarak, A.S., E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1989. Ergopeptine purification from endophyte-infected tall fescue seed. In C.P. West (ed.) Proc. Arkansas Fescue Toxicosis Conference. p. 11-16. Ark. Agric. Exp. Stn. Special Report 140. 7. West, C.P. 1989. Water relations and pest responses to endophyte. p. 23-25. Proc. Tall Fescue Endophyte Meeting. SRIEG-37. Atlanta, GA. 8. West, C.P. 1990. Ecophysiology of white clover in perennial pastures. p. 131-140. Proc. 46th Southern Pasture Forage Crop Improvement Conf. 8-10 May, 1990. USDA-ARS. 9. Goetsch, A.L., G.E. Murphy, E.W. Grant, D.L. Galloway, Sr., L.A. Forster, Jr., L. Nokes, C.P. West, and Z.B. Johnson. 1991. Effects of various supplements and animal characteristics (frame size, sex, growth stimulant) on daily gain by growing cattle in Arkansas. In Paul Noland (ed.) Topics on beef cattle research in Arkansas. p. 1-5. Ark. Agric. Exp. Stn. Special Report 151. 10. West, C.P., and B.J. Hankins. 1992. The value of a bale of hay. p. 11-12. Proc. 19th Annual Meeting 11. West, C.P. 1992. Arkansas report: Collection of endophyte-infected Festuca germplasm in western Mediterranean countries. p. 7. Proc. Tall Fescue Endophyte Meeting, Southern Extension and Research Activity Information Exchange Group 8 (SERA-IEG 8). 16-17 November, Memphis. 12. Turner, K.E., C.P. West, and E.L. Piper. 1993. Use of legumes in endophyte-infected pastures. p. 23- 26. In Paul Noland (ed.) Topics on beef cattle research in Arkansas. Ark. Agric. Exp. Stn. Special Report 159. 13. West, C.P. 1993. Festuca germplasm collection and tall fescue leaf growth dynamics. p. 9-10. Proc. Tall Fescue Toxicosis Workshop, SERA-IEG 8. 25-26 October, Atlanta. 14. West, C.P., E.L. Piper, S.A. Mashburn, A.S. Moubarak, and K.E. Turner. 1994. Poultry litter effects on fescue toxicity potential. p. 11-14. In Paul Noland (ed.) Topics on beef cattle research in Arkansas. Ark. Agric. Exp. Stn. Special Report 163. 15. West, C.P. 1994. Agronomy and physiology research on tall fescue-Acremonium associations. p. 13- 15. Proc. Tall Fescue Toxicosis Workshop, SERA-IEG 8. 24-25 October, Atlanta. 16. West, C.P., H.W. Elbersen, G.W. Buck, and A.A. Elmi. 1995. Acremonium effects on tall fescue growth: Parasite or stimulant? p. 102-111. Proc. 50th Southern Pasture Forage Crop Improvement Conf. Knoxville, TN, 23-25 May, 1994. 17. West, C.P. 1995. Low-cost ways of improving pastures. p. 3-4. Proc. Cattlemen's College--Blueprint 18. West, C.P. 2000. Endophyte strain effects on stand persistence and drought survival of tall fescue. p. 19. West, C.P., C. F. Rosenkrans, Jr., and E.L. Piper. 2002. Development of tall fescue with a nontoxic endophyte. p. 15. Proc. SERA-IEG 8 2002 Workshop. 20. West, C.P., R.D. Carson, B. de los Reyes, and S. Rajguru. 2003. Biochemical responses to endophyte infection and water deficit in tall fescue. p. 12-15. Proc. SERAIEG-8 Workshop. 21. West, C.P. R.D. Carson, and C.A. Guerber. 2004. Biochemical responses to endophyte infection and water deficit in tall fescue. p. 17-21. Proc. SERA-IEG 8 Workshop. 22. West, C.P. 2006. Arkansas report on endophyte-fescue interactions. p. 26-33. Proc. SERA-IEG 8 23. West, C.P. 2007. Endophyte strain effects on drought survival of tall fescue in a greenhouse screening trial. p. 13-16. Proc. SERA-IEG 8 Workshop. 24. West, C.P. 2008. Summer dormancy and survival of tall fescue in relation to endophyte. p. 11-16. 1. West, C.P., and E.L. Piper. 2002. Plants infected with non-toxic endophytes. Australian patent no. 2. West, C.P., and E.L. Piper. 2005. Plants infected with non-toxic endophytes. New Zealand patent no. 3. West, C.P., and E.L. Piper. 2008. Non-toxic endophytes, plants injected therewith and methods for injecting plants. U.S. Patent no. 7,465,855 issued 16 Dec. 2008. Divisional patents based on above parent patent: No. 7,553,654 issued 30 June, 2009. 4. West, C.P., and E.L. Piper. 2011. Non-toxic endophytes, plants injected therewith and methods for injecting plants. U.S. Patent no. 7,977,550 issued 12 July 2011. Miscellaneous Publications and Reports
1. West, C.P., and S.A. Abdullah. 1986. The growth and quality of Korean lespedeza and white clover in combination with common bermudagrass. Progress Report--Clovers and Special Purposes Legumes. 19:3-5. Univ. of Wisconsin and USDA-ARS. 2. Carithers, C., A.E. Spooner, and C.P. West. 1986. Arkansas fly ash: An examination of its calcium carbonate equivalence and its effects upon plant elemental concentrations. 161 pp. Prepared for Arkansas Power and Light Co. (Little Rock). 3. West, C.P. 1987. Hay production. Arkansas Forage and Grassland Council Newsletter, April-June. 2 4. West, C.P., J.W. King, M. Hamilton, and H.J. Huneycutt. 1987. Bermudagrass stand development at Fayetteville sewage sludge land application site. August 5. 3 pp. Prepared for United Pacific Insurance Co. (Seattle). Three follow-up reports for this job were submitted on Oct. 14, 1987, Feb. 22, 1988, and Sept. 7,1988. 5. West, C.P., J.M. Phillips, and H.J. Huneycutt. 1989. Screening of forage legumes for persistence under grazing. Progress Report--Clovers and Special Purpose Legumes. 22:3-6. Univ. of Wisconsin and USDA-ARS. 6. West, C.P. 1991. Balancing warm and cool season forages. Arkansas Cattle Business. June issue, p. 7. West, C.P., and H.D. Scott. 1996. Forage management and irrigation recommendations for canning factory effluent disposal. Prepared for Allen Canning Co., Siloam Springs, AR. 8. Crawford, R.J., D. Spiers, C.A. Roberts, C.P. West, E.L. Piper, and M. Nihsen. 2001. Evaluation of a nontoxic endophyte in ‘HiMag’ tall fescue. 2001 Research Report. Southwest Missouri Research and Extension Center, Univ. Missouri. Abstracts and Research Talks
1. West, C.P., N.P. Martin, and G.C. Marten. 1978. The effects of nitrogen fertilizer and Rhizobium level on establishment of legumes in pastures via strip-tillage. p. 106. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 2. West, C.P., and W.F. Wedin. 1984. Changes in botanical composition of three pasture types. p. 139. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 3. West, C.P., K.W. Steele, and E.A. Halligan. 1985. Effect of irradiance on growth and nitrogen fixa- tion of white clover cultivars. p. 90. In Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 4. West, C.P. and S.A. Abdullah. 1986. Changes in quality and dry weight of tall fescue-legume mixtures. p. 145. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison. 5. Abdullah, S.A., and C.P. West. 1986. Changes in quality and dry weight during growth cycles of bermudagrass-legume mixtures. p. 140. In Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 6. Walker, D.W., and C.P. West. 1986. Predicting changes in forage quality and phenological devel- opment in wheat using heat units. p. 145. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 7. West, C.P., and H.R. Stoin. 1987. A proposed growth stage system for bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.]. p. 126. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 8. Scott, H.D., J. Costello, C.P. West, O.J. Loewer, and L.D. Parsch. 1987. Incorporation of water balance logic into a selective grazing model. How Systems Work: Farming Systems Research Symposium. p. 90. Oct. 19-23, 1987. Fayetteville, AR. Univ. of Arkansas and Winrock International. 9. Daniels, L.B., E.L. Piper, G. Duff, and C.P. West. 1987. Performance of steers grazing endophyte infected and noninfected Kentucky 31 fescue. J. Dairy Sci. 70:(Suppl. 1):185. 10. West, C.P., D.M. Oosterhuis, and S.D. Wullschleger. 1989. Osmotic adjustment in tissues of tall fescue in response to water deficit. p. 124. In Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 11. Izekor, E., C.P. West, A.A. Elmi, and K.E. Turner. 1989. Endophyte effects on tiller density and yield of water-stressed tall fescue. p. 135. In Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 12. Elmi, A.A., C.P. West, and K.E. Turner. 1989. Endophyte effect on leaf osmotic adjustment in tall fescue. p. 111. In Southern Branch Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 13. Moubarak, A., E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1991. Effect of ergopeptine alkaloids on synaptosomal ATPase system. Southern Meeting of American Society of Animal Science, Fort Worth. 14. West, C.P., A.A. Elmi, T.L. Kirkpatrick, R.T. Robbins. 1991. Endophyte and water stress effects on tall fescue growth and root-knot nematode reproduction. p. 135. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 15. Elmi, A.A., C.P. West, T.L. Kirkpatrick, and K.E. Turner. 1991. Endophyte and root-knot nematode effects on tall fescue water relations. p. 125. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 16. Elbersen, W., A.A. Elmi, and C.P. West. 1991. Drought survival and osmotic adjustment of endophyte-infected and noninfected tall fescue. p. 125. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 17. Holder, T., C.P. West, K.E. Turner, and R.C. Johnson. 1991. Endophyte infection rate and viability in tall fescue plant introductions. p. 206. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 18. Turner, K.E., C.P. West, S.A. Mashburn, E.L. Piper, and A.S. Moubarak. 1992. Poultry litter effects on ergovaline production in endophytic tall fescue. p. 14. In Southern Branch Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 19. Moubarak, A.S., E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1992. Interaction of fescue toxins with synaptosomal membrane-bound ATPase enzyme system. Southern Section Meeting of Amer. Soc. Animal Science. Lexington, KY. 20. West, C.P., M. McConnell, S. Saidi, F. Ben Jeddi, and G. Charmet. 1992. Collection of endophyte- infected Festuca germplasm in western Mediterranean countries. p. 207. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 21. Elbersen, H.W., and C.P. West. 1993. Endophyte effect on growing zone dynamics in tall fescue. p. 8. In Southern Branch Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 22. McConnell, M.E., and C.P. West. 1993. Influence of genotype and culture medium on callus induction from tall fescue. p. 9. In Southern Branch Abstr. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 23. Moubarak, A.S., E.L. Piper, and C.P. West. 1993. Effect of ergotamine and ergonovine on ATPase systems in rat kidney. Southern Sec. Meeting of Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. Tulsa, OK. 24. McConnell, M.E., C.P. West, and E.L. Piper. 1993. Influence of genotype and culture medium on callus induction from tall fescue leaves. Annual Meeting of Arkansas Academy of Sciences, 1 April, Arkadelphia. 25. Piper, E.L., and C.P. West. 1993. Costs and benefits of endophyte in tall fescue. Annual Meeting of Arkansas Academy of Sciences, 1 April, Arkadelphia. 26. West, C.P., D.A. Sleper, and S. Saidi. 1993. Collection of endopohyte-infected fescue species in Morocco, Spain, and France. p. 196. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 27. McConnell, M.E., C.P. West, and D.A. Sleper. 1993. Ploidy level and identification of fescue species collected in the western Mediterranean region. p. 191. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 28. Elbersen, H.W., and C.P. West. 1993. Tall fescue leaf growth dynamics as influenced by endophyte and osmotic stress. p. 111. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 29. Ross, W.J., J.C. Correll, J.C. Guerber, and C.P. West. 1994. The use of mtDNA RFLPs and RAPDs to distinguish among genotypes of Acremonium from tall fescue. (Abstr.) Phytopathology 84:1097. 30. West, C.P., E.L. Piper, S.A. Mashburn, and A.S. Moubarak. 1994. Poultry litter effects on ergovaline production in endophyte-infested tall fescue. p. 194. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 31. Elbersen, H.W., C.P. West, and G. W. Buck. 1994. Endophyte effects on tall fescue survival: dessication postponement vs. tolerance. p. 143. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 32. Chen, C., D.A. Sleper, and C.P. West. 1994. RFLP and cytogenetic analyses of hybrids between Festuca mairei and Lolium perenne. p. 115. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 33. Patil, A. R., A. L. Goetsch, K. K. Park, B. Kouakou, D. L. Galloway, Sr., C. P. West and Z. B. Johnson. 1994. Effects of grass source and growth stage on net flux of oxygen and nutrients across splanchnic tissues in sheep. J. Anim. Sci. 72(Suppl. 1):195. 34. West, C.P., E.L. Piper, S.A. Mashburn, A.S. Moubarak, and K.E. Turner. 1995. Poultry litter effects on ergovaline production in endophyte-infested tall fescue. p. 87. Extended Abstracts of Posters. Conf. Animal Waste and the Land-Water Interface, July 16-19, Fayetteville, AR. 35. Kouakou, B., A. L. Goetsch, A. R. Patil, D. L. Galloway, Sr., K. K. Park and C. P. West. 1995. Effects of grass source and maturity on performance and visceral organ mass of growing wethers. J. Anim. Sci. 73(Suppl. 1):261. 36. Rom, C., C.P. West, and J. Erf. 1995. The "Virtual Classroom": Using computer resources to enhance educational opportunities in agricultural sciences. Poster session of Week of Celebration of Learning. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. 37. Buck, G.W., C.P. West, and H.W. Elberson. 1995. Acremonium endophyte effects on drought tolerance of Festuca germplasm. Poster session of Week of Celebration of Learning. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. 38. Buck, G.W., C.P. West, and H.W. Elberson. 1995. Acremonium endophyte effects on drought tolerance of Festuca germplasm. p. 108. In Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 39. West, C.P., M.A. Sanderson, and J. Moravec. 1995. Comparison of growth scales for bermudagrass. p. 128. In Agronomy Abstracts. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 40. Buck, G.W., C.P. West, and H.W. Elbersen. 1996. Acremonium endophyte reduces water loss during severe drought in Festuca grasses. Ark. Acad. Sci., Fort Smith, AR. 12-13 April, 1996. 41. West, C.P., M.L. Marlatt, and E.L. Piper. 1996. Novel endophyte technology: Selecting the fungus. p. 169. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 42. Buck, G.W., C.P. West, J.M. Stewart, and G.E. Aiken. 1997. Protein patterns in drought-stressed, endophyte-infected tall fescue. p. 97. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 43. Sleper, D.A., S.S. Bughrara, G.W. Buck, and C.P. West. 1997. Cytogenetic analysis of tall fescue Moroccan accessions using flow cytometry. p. 137. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 44. West, C.P., M.R. Gross, T.A. James, K.A. Teague, J.L. Gunsaulis, M.B. Daniels, and T.J. Sauer. 1998. Planning pasture improvement using GIS. p. 111. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 45. Craven, K.D., C.P. West, and C.L. Schardl. 1998. Endophyte phylogeny and tall fescue evolution. Phytopathology Meetings, Phytopath. 88:S19. 46. Morrow, R. E., C.A. Wells, D. Onks, F. Martz, J. Gerrish, A. Beetz, P. Sullivan, C. West. 1998. Teaching sustainable beef cattle management workshops. Southern Section, Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci., Little Rock, AR. 47. Wells, C., R. Morrow, C. West, K. Coffey, T. James, R. Seay, M. Gross, A. Beetz. 1998. Development and use of a check sheet for assessment of sustainability of cow-calf operations using pasture as primary feed source. Southern Section, Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci., Little Rock, AR. 48. West, C.P., I. S. Braden, K.A. Teague, J.L. Gunsaulis, and B.A. Lisle. 1999. Pasture resource inventory using GIS. p. 87. Amer. Forage Conf., Amer. Forage and Grassl. Council. 49. Braden, I.S., and C.P. West. 1999. Relations among soil and forage characteristics in poultry litter- amended pastures. p. 315. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 50. Secks, M.E., M.D. Richardson, C.P. West, M.L. Marlatt, J.B. Murphy. 1999. The role of trehalose in desiccation tolerance of endophyte-infected tall fescue. p. 134. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 51. Braden, I.S., C.P. West, and J.V. Skinner. 2000. Phosphorus and forage analysis of poultry litter- amended pastures. p. 363. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 52. Braden, I.S., C.P. West, J.V. Skinner, and W.A. Baker. 2000. Spatial analysis of phosphorus and forages on a beef-poultry farm. Animal Waste Management Workshop. University of Arkansas. 1 June 2000. 53. Compston, S.R., C.P. West, T.J. Sauer, and T.B. Parkin. 2000. Effects of poultry litter application on nitrous oxide flux from a bermudagrass pasture. p. 396. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 54. Hayward, J.R., C.P. West, and C.A. Beyrouty. 2000. Effects of novel endophytes on root elongation of tall fescue seedlings. p. 175. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 55. West, C.P., E.L. Piper, S.A. Gunter, K.A. Cassida, D.A. Spiers, C.A. Roberts, and R.C. Crawford. 2000. Performance of cattle on ‘HiMag’ tall fescue infected with novel endophytes. p. 177. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 56. Hayward, J.R., C.P. West, and C.A. Beyrouty. 2001. Nontoxic endophytes alter root growth of tall fescue seedlings. Gamma Sigma Delta Student Paper Competition. February 8 , 2001. West, C.P. 2001. Inherent and endophyte-mediated plant persistence. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Kallenbach, R.L., R.J. Crawford, M.D. Massie, and C.P. West. 2001. Yield and toxicity of stockpiled tall fescue infected with a nontoxic endophyte. Agronomy Abst. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. Nihsen, M., E.L. Piper, C.P. West, T. Denard, R. Crawford, Z. Johnson and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2002. Effects of novel endophyte-infected tall fescue on steer performance. Southern Section Amer. Soc. Animal Sci. 60. West, C.P., I.S. Braden, and P.B. DeLaune, P.A. Moore, Jr. 2002. Comparison of three phosphorus indexes for assessing risk of phosphorus runoff from pastures. Proc. American Forage Conference 11:328. 61. Carson, R.D., C.P. West, B. de los Reyes, and S. Rajguru. 2003. Biochemical and molecular responses to endophyte infection and water deficit in tall fescue. p. 27. Abstracts of Third Int. Symp. on Molecular Breeding for Forage and Turf. Dallas, TX, 18-22 May, 2003. 62. West, C.P., E.L. Piper, M.E. Nihsen, R.J. Crawford, D.A. Sleper, H.F. Mayland, S.A. Gunter, and C.F. Rosenkrans. 2003. Development and performance of beneficial endophytes for tall fescue. p. 101. Abstracts of Third Int. Symp. on Molecular Breeding for Forage and Turf. Dallas, TX, 18-22 May, 2003. 63. Jennings, J.A., D.E. Kratz, M.S. Gadberry, C.P. West, and T.R. Troxel. 2003. Reducing winter feed costs in Arkansas with stockpiled fescue demonstrations. In Agronomy abstracts. CD-ROM. Am. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 64. Kelly, J.T., R.K. Bacon, C.E. Parsons, J.T. Hardke, and C.P. West. 2004. Forage quality of oat lines selected for grain yield. In Agronomy abstracts. CD-ROM. Am. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 65. Carson, R.D., C.P. West, B. de los Reyes, and S. Rajguru. 2004. Endophyte effects on dehydrins, antioxidants, and membrane leakage in drought-stressed tall fescue. In Agronomy abstracts. CD-ROM. Am. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI. 66. Rosenkrans, C., Jr., C. West, M. Nihsen, T. Yazwinski, D. Kreider, K. Coffey, and W. Coblentz. 2005. Effects of anthelmintic treatment on calf gains while grazing tall fescue. Southern Section Animal Science Society of America Abstracts. 67. Rosenkrans, C., Jr., M. Nihsen, R. Flores, T. Yazwinski , D. Kreider, K. Coffey, W. Coblentz, C. West, M. Looper, and N. Schrick. 2005. Effects of forage cultivar and anthelmintic on steer responses to immune challenge. Western Section Animal Science Society of America Abstracts. 68. Olivera-Melgar, M., C. West, R. Robbins, T. Kirkpatrick, and D. Fishel. 2006. Endophyte strain effects on soil-borne nematode populations and tall fescue host suitability. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 69. West, C.P., C.A. Guerber, R. Carson, and D. Brauer. 2006. Dehydrin expression in drought-stressed tall fescue can be modulated by endophyte presence. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 70. West, C.P., K.R. Brye, M.P. Popp, L.R. Oliver, P. Beck, D. Stephenson, and J. Schuler. 2007. Establishment of switchgrass trials to characterize biomass yield-site relationships in Arkansas. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 71. Kenyon, S.L., and C.P. West. 2007. Greenhouse evaluation of novel endophyte-tall fescue associations for drought tolerance. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 72. Uppugundla, N., S.V. Ravindranath, D.J. Carrier, J.O. Lay, E.C. Clausen, M. Wilkins, R.G. Ingraham, Y. Wu, and C. West. 2007. Policosanol content in switchgrass as a function of plant development. Proc. Institute Biological Engineering annual meeting, 31 March-3 April, 2007. 73. Uppugundla, N., S.V. Ravindranath, D.J. Carrier, J.O. Lay, E.C. Clausen, M. Wilkins, R.G. Ingraham, Y. Wu, and C. West. 2007. Value added products from switchgrass. Abstracts of Amer. Soc. Pharmacognosy annual meeting, 14-18 July, 2007. 74. Coffey, K.P., W.K. Coblentz, R.K. Ogden, J.D. Caldwell, D.H. Hubbell, III, T. Hess, L. Martin, C.P. West, M.S. Akins, Z.B. Johnson, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2007. Performance of spring-calving cows grazing tall fescue pastures with either a wild-type toxic endophyte or a non-toxic novel endophyte. Animal Science Society of America Annual Meeting. 75. Flores, R., W.K. Coblentz, R.K. Ogden, K.P. Coffey, M.L. Looper, C.P. West, and C.F. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2007. Effects of fescue type, sampling date, and grazing by dairy replacement heifers on nitrogen partitioning and in situ ruminal disappearance kinetics of N for autumn-stockpiled tall fescue forages. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 76. Coffey, K.P., W.K. Coblentz, J. Caldwell, D. Hubbell, III, T. Hess, C. West, M. Looper, C. Krehbiel, and C. Rosenkrans, Jr. 2008. Post-weaning performance of spring-born calves weaned from tall fescue pastures with a wild-type toxic endophyte or a non-toxic novel endophyte. Southern Section Animal Science Society of America Abstracts. 77. Underwood, J.L., C.P. West, and D.P. Malinowski. 2008. Summer dormancy and survival of tall fescue in relation to endophyte presence. Arkansas Chapter Gamma Sigma Delta Paper Competition, University of Arkansas. 25 February, 2008. 78. Panka, D., C.P. West, and C. Guerber. 2008. Susceptibility of endophyte-infected tall fescue to Rhizoctonia zeae infection. 9th International Congress of Plant Pathology in Torino, Italy, August 24-29, 2008. 79. Blazier, M., H.O. Liechty, M. Pelkki, W. Pitman, P. Tappe, and C.P. West. 2008. Agroforest management systems can produce biofuel feedstocks and improve key environmental services on retired agricultural lands in the Western Gulf region. Short Rotation Crops International Conference. 18-22 August, Bloomington, Minnesota. 80. Ashworth, A., C.P. West, M.P. Popp, M. Montrejaud-Vignole, C. Sablayrolles, and B. Gabrielle. 2008. Life cycle analysis for the cultivation and combustion of miscanthus. 4th International Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, 1-4 June, 2008, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. 81. West, C.P., K.R. Brye, M.P. Popp, L.R. Oliver, P. Beck, D. Stephenson, and J. Schuler. 2008. Site characterization in Arkansas switchgrass trials for biomass production. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 82. Underwood, J., C.P. West, and D. Malinowski. 2008. Summer dormancy and survival of tall fescue in relation to endophyte presence. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 83. Sablayrolles, C., A. Ashworth, C.P. West, and M. Montrejaud-Vignole. 2008. Influence of agri- chemicals on life cycle assessment of Miscanthus. 2nd Int. Conf. Soil Compost Eco-Biology. Tenerife, Spain, 26-29 Nov. 84. Burner, D.M., and C.P. West. 2009. Selection of shade tolerant tall fescue genotypes. Proc. 11th North American Agroforestry Conf., Association for Temperate Agroforestry, 31 May-4 June 4, 2009, Columbia, MO. 85. H.O. Liechty, C. Stuhlinger, M. Blazier, M. Pelkki, P. Tappe, and C. West. 2009. Establishment of cottonwood/switchgrass bioenergy agroforests in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley. Proc. 11th North American Agroforestry Conf., Association for Temperate Agroforestry, 31 May-4 June 4, 2009, Columbia, MO. 86. Tamura, M., and C.P. West. 2009. Evaluation of diverse endophyte strains for effects on tall fescue drought tolerance. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 87. West, C.P., J.L. Underwood, and D.P. Malinowski. 2009. Trade-offs in growth, persistence, and quality of summer-active and summer-dormant tall fescues. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 88. Ashworth, A.J., C.P. West, and K.R. Brye. 2009. Seasonal trends in biomass accumulation and nutrient removal of switchgrass. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 89. Guerber, C.A., D. Panka, C.P. West, and M.D. Richardson. 2010. Susceptibility of tall fescue to Rhizoctonia zeae infection as affected by endophyte strain. In Abstracts of 7th Int. Symp. Fungal Endophytes of Grasses [CD-ROM]. 27 June-1 July, Lexington, KY. 90. Malinowski, D.P., C.P. West, and D.P. Belesky. 2010. The role of endophytes in summer-dormant tall fescue. In Abstracts of 7th Int. Symp. Fungal Endophytes of Grasses [CD-ROM]. 27 June-1 July, Lexington, KY. 91. West, C.P., Guerber, C.A., J.L. Underwood, D.P. Malinowski, and B.C. Grigg. 2010. Biochemical responses of drought-stressed summer dormant and summer active tall fescue with endophyte infection. In Abstracts of 7th Int. Symp. Fungal Endophytes of Grasses [CD-ROM]. 27 June-1 July, Lexington, KY. 92. West, C.P., J.L. Underwood, D.P. Malinowski, B.C. Grigg, and C.A. Guerber. 2010. Survival of summer dormant and summer active tall fescue in relation to endophyte presence. In Abstracts 7th Int. Symp. Fungal Endophytes of Grasses. 27 June-1 July, Lexington, KY. 93. West, C.P., A.J. Ashworth, J. Kiniry, D. Spanel, and K.R. Brye. 2010. Calibrating ALMANAC for simulating switchgrass production in Arkansas. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 94. Bunnell, Kris, E. Martin, C.P. West, and D.J. Carrier. 2010. Effect of harvest date on release of sugar monomers and byproducts from Panicum virgatum. P3 EPSCOR Conference, Ark. Center for Plant Powered Production. 15-17 August, Winthrop Rockefeller Institute. 95. Ata, M.A., J.D. Caldwell, E.G. Kegley, M.L. Looper, A.N. Young, D. Philipp, C.P. West, G.E. Erf, D.S. Hubbell III, and C.F. Rosenkrans Jr. 2010. Immune function responses by spring and fall-born calves weaned from wild-type or non-toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue. Annual meeting American Society of Animal Science. 96. Caldwell, J., K. Coffey, M. Looper, D. Kreider, E.G. Kegley, J.A. Jennings, C.P. West, D.S. Hubbell III, J. Tucker, A. Young, T. Hess, M. Popp, M. Savin, D. Philipp, and C.F. Rosenkrans Jr. 2010. Biological parameters by spring and fall-calving cows grazing with full access, limited access, or no access to endophyte-infected tall fescue – 2 year summary. Annual meeting of American Society of Animal Science. 97. Bunnell, K., E.M. Martin, C. West, E.C. Clausen and D.J. Carrier. 2011. Physicochemical properties and pretreatment of Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) hemicellulose. 33rd Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, May 2-5, 2011. 98. West, C.P., B.C. Grigg, C.A. Guerber, Rodney Farris, and K.R. Brye. 2011. Poultry litter effects on switchgrass and sorghum biomass yield and macronutrient removal. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI. 99. Rocateli, A., C.P. West, A.J. Ashworth, J. Kiniry, D. Spanel, and K.R. Brye 2011. Calibrating ALMANAC for simulating switchgrass production in Arkansas. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI.

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REVIEW ARTIKEL Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian, Vol. III, No.1, April 2006, 01 - 07 PEMANFAATAN OBAT TRADISIONAL DENGAN PERTIMBANGAN MANFAAT DAN KEAMANANNYA Lusia Oktora Ruma Kumala Sari Staf Pengajar Program Studi Farmasi Universitas Jember ABSTRACT Herbal medicines in general are safer than modern drug. This matter is caused by the less side effect of herbal medicines than modern drug. Side

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